Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, Latitude 27°S 23' 52", Longitude 152° E 55' 35", Elevation 76 m

Tue 26 Oct 2021 5:35:03 pm: Temperature: 22.7 °C, Humidity: 74 %, Wind speed: 7 km/h, Wind Gust: 19 km/h, Rain today: 0.0 mm, MSLP: 1016.1 hPa

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Seasonal Meteorological Report for Ferny Grove, Brisbane in summer 2020-21 – near average temperatures and rainfall

Lowest Monthly Mean Daily Minimum Temperature (January): 20 ºC, 0.6 ºC above average and 1.9 ºC lower than same month in 2020. This is the fifth lowest on record for January and the lowest since 19.1 ºC in 2018. Official sites in the Brisbane area observed mean minimum temperatures that were close to average at most sites and below average at some sites. Most sites observed mean minimum temperatures that were close to average that were within 0.5 ºC of the long term average and the highest mean minimum temperature was equal to the long term average at Cape Moreton Lighthouse (22 ºC) and Logan City Treatment Plant (20.7 ºC). Some sites measured below average mean minimum temperatures of up to 0.8 ºC below average at Redcliffe, with a mean minimum temperature of 21.5 ºC and was 0.7 ºC below average at Beaudesert (18.7 ºC). The lowest mean minimum temperature was 19.2 ºC at Amberley (0.4 ºC below average) and the highest mean minimum temperature was 22 ºC at Cape Moreton Lighthouse (equal to the long term average). Brisbane observed a mean minimum temperature of 21.3 and was 0.4 ºC below average.

 

Highest Monthly Mean Daily Minimum Temperature (December): 20.8 ºC, 1.6 ºC above average and 1.2 ºC higher than same month in 2019. This is the second highest on record for December and the second highest since the current record high of 21.1 ºC in 2009. All the official stations in the Brisbane area observed above or well above average mean minimum temperatures, with the highest anomalies observed by the inland sites. A number of sites observed temperatures that at least 2 ºC above average of 2.1 ºC above average at Archerfield with a mean minimum temperature of 21.2 ºC and Beaudesert (20.2 ºC) and Logan City Treatment Plant observed a mean minimum temperature of 2 ºC above average (21.3 ºC). The mean minimum temperature for Cape Moreton Lighthouse was closest to the long-term average at 1.2 ºC above average, with a mean minimum temperature 22.2 ºC. The lowest mean minimum temperature was 18.9 ºC at Canungra. The remaining sites were between 1.2 ºC and 1.8 ºC above average. The highest mean minimum temperature was 22.4 ºC at Redcliffe (1.4 ºC above average). Brisbane observed a mean minimum temperature of 22.2 ºC, 1.8 ºC above average. Amberley, Archerfield and Gatton observed the highest mean minimum temperature in 23 to 41 years and Logan City Treatment Plant, Brisbane Aero and Brisbane observed were the highest on record for December.

 

Monthly Mean Minimum Daily Temperature for February: 20.3 ºC, equal to the long term average and 0.9 ºC lower than same month in 2020. This is the sixth lowest on record for February and the lowest since 19.7 ºC in 2018. All of the official stations in the Brisbane area observed near average mean minimum temperatures that was slightly below average at some locations. The mean minimum temperatures ranged between 0.3 ºC below average at both Amberley with a mean minimum temperature of 19.2 ºC and Redcliffe (21.6 ºC) and 0.2 ºC above average at Archerfield (20.4 ºC). The lowest mean minimum temperature observed was 17.7 ºC at Canungra and the highest mean minimum temperature was 22.1 ºC at Cape Moreton Lighthouse which was equal to the long term average. Brisbane observed a mean minimum temperature of 21.5 ºC and was 0.1 ºC above average.

                                                                  

Seasonal Mean Daily Maximum Temperature: 30.2 ºC, equal to the long term average and 1.7 ºC lower than the same season in 2019-20. This is the third lowest on record for summer and the lowest since the current record low of 28.6 ºC in 2011-12. Most of the official sites in the Brisbane area saw close to average mean maximum temperatures in summer, whilst some sites were above average. The sites measuring close to average mean maximum temperatures ranged between 0.3 ºC below average at Beerburrum with a mean maximum temperature of 29.7 ºC and Logan City Treatment Plant (29.2 ºC) and 0.4 ºC above average at Archerfield (30.4 ºC). Gatton observed the highest mean maximum temperature of all the official sites of 32.6 ºC (1.3 ºC above average). Cape Moreton Lighthouse also observed an above average mean maximum temperature that was 1.2 ºC above average with a mean maximum temperature of 27.9 ºC but observed the lowest mean maximum temperature of all the sites. Brisbane observed a mean maximum temperature of 29.9 ºC, 0.2 ºC below average.

 

Lowest Monthly Mean Daily Maximum Temperature (January): 30.3 ºC, 0.8 ºC below average and 2.7 ºC lower than same month in 2020. This is the third lowest on record for January and the lowest since 28.7 ºC in 2012. Mean maximum temperatures at most of the official sites in the Brisbane area were below average and was close to average at some of the inland sites. The highest mean maximum temperature observed was 31.7 ºC at Gatton and was equal to the long-term average. Several sites observed mean minimum temperatures that were near or over 1 ºC below average, with the greatest anomaly being 1.6 ºC below average at Beaudesert (30 ºC). In addition to Gatton, Archerfield was the only other site measuring a near average mean maximum temperature which was 0.4 ºC below average (30.1 ºC). Cape Moreton Lighthouse was 1 ºC above average with a mean maximum temperature of 28 ºC and was the lowest mean maximum temperature observed by the official sites. Brisbane observed a mean maximum temperature of 28.6 ºC and was 0.6 ºC below average.

 

Highest Monthly Mean Daily Maximum Temperature (February): 30.4 ºC, 0.4 ºC above average and equal to same month in 2020. This is the equal fourth lowest on record for February and the lowest since 29.7 ºC in 2015. Mean maximum temperatures as observed at the official sites were close to average across the Brisbane area and was above average at the inland sites. The sites measuring close to average mean maximum temperatures ranged between 0.4 ºC below average at Brisbane Aero with a mean maximum temperature of 28.7 ºC and equal to the long term average at Redcliffe (29 ºC). The highest anomaly and highest mean maximum temperature observed was 2 ºC above average at Gatton with a mean maximum temperature of 32.8 ºC. Amberley observed a mean maximum temperature that was 1 ºC above average (31.5 ºC), 0.6 ºC above average at Archerfield (30.5 ºC) and 0.9 ºC above average at Cape Moreton Lighthouse (27.8 ºC) which observed the lowest mean maximum temperature of all the official sites. Brisbane observed a mean maximum temperature of 30 ºC and was 0.2 ºC below average.

 

Monthly Mean Maximum Daily Temperature for December: 30.3 ºC, 0.3 ºC above average and 2.7 ºC lower than same month in 2019. This is the fourth lowest on record for December and the equal lowest since 30.3 ºC in 2015. Mean maximum temperatures were above average at many of the official sites in the Brisbane area. The inland sites observed mean maximum temperatures that were the highest above average of all the sites. Gatton observed the highest mean maximum temperature of 33.3 ºC, which was the highest above the long-term average at 1.9 ºC above average. Amberley and Archerfield were 0.9 ºC above average and was 31.8 ºC and 30.6 ºC respectively and Beerburrum was 0.6 ºC above average at 31.2 ºC. Cape Moreton Lighthouse was 1.7 ºC above average (27.9 ºC) in contrast to near average temperature at the coastal sites and observed the lowest mean maximum temperature. The sites measuring near average mean maximum temperatures were between 0.3 ºC above average at Logan City Treatment Plant (29.5 ºC) and Brisbane (29.9 ºC) and 0.5 ºC above average at Beaudesert (31.2 ºC).

 

Seasonal Mean Temperature: 25.3 ºC, 0.2 ºC above average and 1.1 ºC lower than same season in 2019-20. This is the fourth lowest on record for summer and the lowest since 25.1 ºC in 2014.

 

Lowest Mean Monthly Temperature (January): 24.9 ºC, 0.7 ºC below average, 2.1 ºC lower than the same month in 2020. This is the equal second lowest on record for January and the equal lowest since 24.9 ºC in 2011.

Highest Mean Monthly Temperature (December): 25.6 ºC, 1.0 ºC above average, 0.7 ºC lower than the same month in 2020. This is the fourth highest on record for December and the lowest since 24.9 ºC in 2018.

 

Mean Monthly Temperature (February): 25.3 ºC, 0.2 ºC above average, 2.1 ºC lower than the same month in 2020. This is the fifth lowest on record for February and the lowest since 25.1 ºC in 2018.

 

Lowest Temperature: 16.6 ºC on 12 January 2021 at 4:49 AM. Same month in 2020 was 18.6 ºC and same season in 2019-20 was 14.4 ºC. This is the second highest on record for January, the highest since the current record high of 18.6 ºC in 2010 on 29 January, the equal ninth lowest daily minimum temperature and the lowest since 16.1 ºC on 20 January 2018 at 5:05 AM. For summer this is the equal highest seasonal minimum temperature on record, the highest since the current record high of 16.6 ºC in 2009-2010 on 3 December, the equal twenty-eighth lowest daily summer minimum temperature and the lowest since 15.1 ºC on 6 December 2019 at 4:52 AM. Official stations in the Brisbane area observed the lowest temperature of the month at many sites on the 11th and 12th and at some sites on the 9th,10th, 21st, 22nd and 24th. The lowest was 13.1 ºC at Canungra on the 12th and the highest was 19.8 ºC at Point Lookout on the 21st. In the Brisbane area there many cooler nights and especially between two periods and especially between the 9th and 15th. Brisbane observed its lowest temperature for the month of 18.5 ºC on the 12th.The lowest temperature for the season for the official sites ranged between 12.9 ºC at Canungra on 9 December 2020 and 17.4 ºC at Cape Moreton Lighthouse and Logan City Treatment Plant on 12 December 2020. The lowest observed temperature at Brisbane in summer was 17.3 ºC on 12 December 2020.

 

Monthly Lowest Temperature (for December): 16.6 ºC on 27 December 2020 at 4:46 AM. Same month in 2019 was 14.4 ºC. This is the equal highest on record for December, equalling the current record high of 16.6 ºC in 2009 on 3 December, the equal twentieth lowest daily minimum temperature and the lowest since 15.1 ºC on 6 December 2019 at 4:52 AM. Official stations in the Brisbane area observed the lowest temperature of the month at most sites on the 12th and 27th and at some sites on the 9th, 13th and 26th. The lowest was 12.9 ºC at Canungra on the 9th and the highest was 24.4 ºC at Brisbane Aero on the 30th. In the Brisbane area overnight temperatures were above average during much of the month especially the first 8 days and on the 15th to 23rd. Brisbane observed its lowest temperature of 17.3 ºC on the 12th.

 

Highest Temperature: 36.6 ºC on 16 January 2021 at 12:57 PM. The same month in 2020 was 35.4 and the same season in 2019-20 was 42.8 ºC. This is the fourth lowest monthly maximum temperature for January on record, the highest since 38 ºC in 2018 on 13 January at 1:43 PM, the equal tenth highest daily maximum temperature and the highest since 37.8 ºC on 14 January 2018 at 1:38 PM. For summer this is the second lowest seasonal maximum temperature on record, the lowest since the current record low of 35.2 ºC in 2011 on 21 February at 1:04 PM, the equal nineteenth highest daily maximum temperature and the highest since 37.6 ºC on 3 February 2020 at 12:38 PM. The official sites measured the highest temperature for the month at most sites on the 6th and 16th and at some sites on the 5th and 30th. The lowest was 30 ºC at Cape Moreton Lighthouse on the 6th and the highest was 38.1 ºC at Gatton on the 16th. The highest temperature observed at Brisbane was 35.3 ºC on the 16th. During the month there were some above average maximum temperatures that mostly occurred on the 5th and 6th and on the 15th and 16th due to a trough drawing warm air from the north. The highest temperature for the season of the official sites ranged between 30.6 ºC at Cape Moreton Lighthouse on 8 December 2020 and 43.5 ºC at Gatton on 6 December 2020. The highest observed temperature at Brisbane during summer was 35.3 ºC on 16 January 2021.

 

Highest Temperature (for December): 35.9 ºC on 6 December 2020 at 11:38 AM. The same month in 2019 was 42.8 ºC. This is the fourth lowest monthly maximum temperature for December on record, the lowest since 35 ºC in 2015 on 11 December at 1:30 PM, the fourteenth highest daily maximum temperature and the highest since 42.8 ºC on 16 December 2019 at 1:00 PM. The official sites measured the highest temperature for the month at most sites on the 6th and 7th and at Point Lookout on the 10th. The lowest was 31.5 ºC at Point Lookout on the 10th and the highest was 43.5 ºC at Gatton on the 6th. The highest temperature observed at Brisbane was 33.9 ºC on the 7th. Most days in the first 8 days of month were above average before above average temperatures returned between the 15th and 23rd with low to severe-intensity heatwaves in the Brisbane area during this time. In the last week of the month, there were some warm days also. Gatton observed a run of three days that were above 40 ºC between the 4th and 6th, having only occurred two other times at Gatton. Gatton observed a new record for the highest December temperature of 43.5 ºC, exceeding the previous record high of 24.9 ºC on 18 December 2012.

 

Highest Temperature (for February): 36.1 ºC on 7 February 2021 at 1:12 PM. The same month in 2020 was 37.6 ºC. This is the fifth highest and lowest monthly maximum temperature for February on record, the lowest since 35.2 ºC in 2015 on 1 February at 3:31 PM, the equal eighth highest daily maximum temperature and the highest since 37.6 ºC on 3 February 2020 at 12:38 PM. The official sites measured the highest temperature for the month at most sites on the 7th and 21st and at some sites on the 22nd. The lowest was 30.1 ºC at Cape Moreton Lighthouse on the 7th and the highest was 40.4 ºC at Gatton on the 22nd. The highest temperature observed at Brisbane was 35.2 ºC on the 7th. During the month there were several periods of warm days early in the month, briefly on the 12th and 13th and several days later in the month.

 

Lowest Maximum Temperature: 20.9 ºC on 12 December 2020 at 9:31 AM. This is the second lowest monthly and daily lowest daily maximum temperature for December on record and the lowest since the current record low of 18.9 ºC in 2011 on 7 December at 4:36 PM. Same month in 2019 was 26.6 ºC and this season in 2019-20 was 23.8 ºC. For summer this is the second lowest daily maximum temperature and the lowest since 18.9 ºC on 7 December 2011 at 4:36 PM. The official sites measured the coolest day of the month on the 13th at most sites and at some sites on the 5th and 12th. These ranged between 22.7 ºC at Archerfield and Brisbane on the 13th and 24.3 ºC at Gatton on the 13th. In the middle of the month there were a few cool days before some days in the last week of the month were below average. For summer, the lowest observed maximum temperature at Brisbane was 22.7 ºC on 13 December 2020 and for all of the official sites this was 20.1 ºC at Logan City Treatment Plant on 12 December 2020.

 

Lowest Daily Maximum Temperature (for January): 22.7 ºC on 8 January 2021 at 10:01 AM. This is the second lowest monthly and daily lowest daily maximum temperature for January on record and the lowest since the current record low of 22.3 ºC in 2012 on 17 January at 1:20 PM. Same month in 2020 was 27.4 ºC. The official sites measured the coolest day of the month on the 8th at all sites. These ranged between 21.2ºC at Beerburrum and 23.3 ºC at Beaudesert. Brisbane observed 23.7 ºC on the 8th. The 8th was a particularly cold day with Brisbane Aero, Beerburrum and Point Lookout observing new record lows of daily maximum temperatures for January.

 

Highest Daily Minimum Temperature: 26.2 ºC on 7 December 2020 at 4:28 AM. This is the highest daily minimum temperature on record for December exceeding the previous record high of 24.5 ºC in 2012 on 18 December 2020 at 4:00 AM. Same month in 2019 was 26.2 ºC and this season in 2019-20 was 25.4 ºC. For summer this is the second highest daily minimum temperature on seasonal and daily basis and the equal highest since 26.2 ºC on 28 November 2019 at 7:50 AM. In the Brisbane area the warmest night occurred at most sites on the 15th and at Cape Moreton Lighthouse on the 7th and Point Lookout on the 19th. These ranged between 15 ºC at Logan City Treatment Plant and 18.4 ºC at Cape Moreton Lighthouse. The highest minimum temperature measured at Brisbane was 16.9ºC on the 15th. An especially warm night was on the 15th with some sites measuring minimum temperatures that were more than 5 ºC above average. There were some warm nights throughout the month with many of the warm nights on the 7th and 8th and again on the 13th to 16th. Brisbane’s highest minimum temperature observed during summer was 25.8 ºC on 7 December 2020 and this was also the highest for all the official sites during summer.

 

Highest Daily Minimum Temperature (for January): 22.3 ºC on 28 January 2021 at 5:21 AM. This is the second lowest daily minimum temperature on record for January, the lowest since the current record high of 21.8 ºC in 2016 on 31 January 2020 at 4:55 AM, the twenty-fifth highest daily minimum temperature and the highest since 21.5 on 31 January 2021 at 12:00 AM. Same month in 2020 was 25.4 ºC. In the Brisbane area the warmest nights occurred on the 16th and 18th at many sites and on the 6th, 7th, 18th and 28th at some sites. These ranged between 21.8 ºC at Beerburrum on the 17th and 24.3 ºC at Cape Moreton on the 6th. As warm air was drawn south from the north, ahead of a surface trough, overnight temperatures between the 16th and 18th were above average. During the start of the month and at the end of the month were some above average temperatures.

 

Highest Daily Minimum Temperature (for February): 23.1 ºC on 28 February 2021 at 5:45 AM. This is the fourth lowest daily highest minimum temperature on record for February, the lowest since 22.1 ºC in 2015 on 19 February 2015 at 4:05 AM, the fourteen highest daily minimum temperature and the highest since 23.2 ºC on 19 February 2020 at 5:35 AM. Same month in 2020 was 23.5 ºC. In the Brisbane area the warmest nights occurred on the 28th at many locations and on the 8th, 23rd and 25th at some sites. These ranged between 22 ºC at Beaudesert on the 8th and 24.5 ºC at Brisbane Aero and Cape Moreton Lighthouse on the 28th. Most warm nights occurred on the 7th and 8th and on many nights during the last 10 days of the month.

 

 

Lowest Seasonal Minimum Grass Temperature: 13.2 ºC on 12 January 2021 (3.7 ºC lower than same month in 2020). This coincided with the lowest minimum air temperature of 16.6 ºC for the month.

 

Highest Seasonal Minimum Grass Temperature: 21.9 ºC on 7 December 2020 (1.1 ºC lower than same month in 2019). This coincided with the highest minimum air temperature of 26.2 ºC for the month.

 

Highest Minimum Grass Temperature Depression: 4.3 ºC on 7 December 2020 with a minimum grass temperature of 21.9 ºC and an air temperature of 26.2 ºC.

 

Lowest Minimum Grass Temperature Depression: -2.4 ºC on 13 December 2020 with a minimum grass temperature of 20.5 ºC and an air temperature of 18.1 ºC.

 

Minimum temperatures in December were predominately above average during the month and were near or below average in the middle of the month and at the end of the month. The first 8 days of the month saw warm nights that peaked at 7 ºC above average on the 7th before temperatures between the 9th and 14th. Another period of warm nights followed on the 15th to 23rd of between 2 ºC to 4 ºC above average on the 18th to 20th. The remainder of the month was within 1 ºC of the average except for the 30th which was 5 ºC above average.

 

In January minimum temperatures saw a number of slightly warm nights throughout the month accompanied with some below average temperature throughout much of the month. Minimum temperatures were within 1 ºC of the long term average in the first 8 days of the months before cooling to 2 ºC to 3 ºC below average between the 9th and 13th, peaking at 4 ºC below average on the 12th. The 15th, 16th and 19th were 2 ºC below average and 2 ºC above average on the 18th. Temperature fell again to 2 ºC to 4 ºC below average on the 24th to 26th and was within 1 ºC of the long term average during the rest of the month, except for 2 ºC above average on the 28th.

 

February minimum temperatures were close to or below average during the month with some warm nights in the middle of the month and in the last week of the month. Minimum temperatures were 2 ºC to 3 ºC below average on the 4th and 5th and warmed to 3 ºC above average on the 8th. Cooler night followed on the 10th, 11th, 13th, 15th, 17th, and 18th at 2 ºC to 3 ºC below average and was otherwise near average. Warmer nights of 2 ºC above average on the 23rd to 25th and 3 ºC above average on the 28th but was close to average on the other days.

 

Maximum temperatures in December saw two periods of warm days at the start of the month and between the 18th and 23rd, as well as near average or below average temperatures. The 1st to 8th saw days that were peaked at 6 ºC above average on the 6th and was between 4 ºC and 6 ºC above average on the 4th to 7th. After near average temperatures, there were several cool to cold days on the 11th to 14th of between 4 ºC below average on the 14th and 9 ºC below average on the 12th. Further near average temperature followed before temperatures that were between 2 ºC and 4 ºC above average on the 20th to 23rd. During the remainder of the month temperatures were mostly 1 ºC to 4 ºC below average.

 

Maximum temperatures in January were predominately below average that saw very few warm days during the month. The 1st to 4th was 1 ºC to 2 ºC below average, warmed temporarily to 3 ºC to 4 ºC above average on the 5th and 6th and then below average until the 12th and as much as 8 ºC below average on the 8th. A warm period on the 15th and 16th that rose to 6 ºC above average before cooling back during most of the following days. The 20th to 23rd was 1 ºC to 4 ºC below average and eased to within 1 ºC of the long term average during the rest of the month, though was 2 ºC below average on the 31st.

 

Maximum temperatures in February were below average during many days of the month and were above average during some days mostly occurring late in the month. The 2nd was 5 ºC below average and 2 ºC below average on the 3rd, warming to 2 ºC above average on the 6th and 5 ºC above average on the 7th. Below average temperatures of 1 ºC to 3 ºC below average then followed on the 8th to 12th. The 13th was 3 ºC above average, before cooler days between the 14th and 20th that peaked at 5 ºC below average on the 18th. The 21st to 23rd was warmer that reached 2 ºC above average on the 23rd. During the rest of the month were a mixture of near average, slightly warm and slightly cool days.

Summer heatwaves:

  • 1st to 3rd: Low Intensity (33.8 ºC, 33.3 ºC, 31.7 ºC)
  • 4th to 7th: Severe Intensity (34.2 ºC, 34.4 ºC, 35.9 ºC, 35.2 ºC)
  • 14th to 19th: Low Intensity (31.6 ºC, 32.3 ºC, 36.6 ºC, 30 ºC, 30.8 ºC, 32.7 ºC).
  • Nil

MSL pressure – below average air pressure

Seasonal Mean Daily Minimum MSL Pressure: 1009.7 hPa (0.1 hPa lower than same season in 2019-20). This is the third lowest on record for summer and the lowest since 1009.6 hPa in 2017-18.

 

Monthly Mean Daily Minimum MSL Pressure (for February): 1008.5 hPa (equal to same month in 2020). This is the equal lowest for February equalling 1008.5 hPa in 2020.

 

Seasonal Mean Daily Maximum MSL Pressure: 1014.1 hPa (0.3 hPa lower than same season in 2019-20). This is the third lowest on record for summer and the lowest since 1013.7 hPa in 2011-12.

 

Monthly Mean Daily Maximum MSL Pressure (for February): 1012.8 hPa (0.5 hPa lower than same month in 2020). This is the lowest on record for February exceeding the previous record low of 1013.3 hPa in 2020.

 

Seasonal Mean MSL Pressure: 1011.9 hPa (1 hPa below average) and 0.2 hPa lower than same season in 2019-20. This is the third lowest on record for summer and the lowest since 1011.7 hPa in 2012.

 

Monthly Mean MSL Pressure (for February): 1010.7 hPa (2.2 hPa below average, 0.2 hPa lower than same month in 2020). This is the lowest on record for February exceeding the previous record low of 1010.9 hPa in 2020.

 

Lowest Seasonal MSL Pressure: 1000.8 hPa on 21 February 2021 at 3:27 PM. The same month in 2020 saw 1002.9 hPa and the same season in 2019-20 saw 998.2 hPa. This is the fourth lowest monthly minimum air pressure for February, the seventh lowest daily minimum air pressure for February and the lowest since 1000 hPa in 2017 on 14 February at 12:20 AM. For summer this is the fourth highest seasonal minimum air pressure, the equal highest since 1000.8 hPa in 2017-18 on 5 December at 4:23 PM, the fourteenth lowest daily minimum air pressure for summer and the lowest since 998.2 hPa on 9 November 2019 at 3:03 PM.

 

Monthly Lowest MSL Pressure (for December): 1004.1 hPa on 6 December 2020 at 4:33 PM. The same month in 2019 saw 1006.5 hPa. This is the third highest monthly minimum air pressure for December, the highest since 1005.9 hPa in 2015 on 11 December at 4:40 PM, the twenty-first lowest daily minimum air pressure for December and lowest since 1003.9 hPa in 2019 on 16 December at 1:54 PM.

 

Seasonal Highest Pressure: 1020.9 hPa on 12 December 2020 at 10:26 AM. The same month in 2019 saw 1030 hPa and the same season in 2019-20 was 1020.2 hPa. This is the fifth lowest December monthly maximum air pressure, the lowest since 1019.5 hPa in 2017 on 10 December at 8:42 PM, the equal sixteenth highest daily maximum air pressure for December and the highest since 1021.2 hPa in 2019 on 9 December at 8:07 AM. For summer this is the fourth lowest seasonal pressure on record, the lowest since 1019.7 hPa in 2017-18 on 7 February at 8:44 PM, the nineteenth highest daily air pressure and the highest since 1021.2 hPa on 9 December 2019 at 8:07 AM.

 

Monthly Highest MSL Pressure (for February): 1017.1 hPa on 18 February 2020 at 10:13 AM. The same month in 2020 saw 1020.6 hPa. This is the lowest February monthly maximum air pressure on record exceeding the previous record low of 1019.7 hPa in 2014 on 9 February at 8:06 AM.

 

Note: Air pressure measurements are being closely monitored to maintain its accuracy as much as possible. Over the season, a difference of 0.12 hPa lower compared to the official BoM Brisbane site – No. 040913 was observed which is deemed to be optimum.

Relative Humidity –above average mean minimum humidity, mean maximum humidity and mean humidity

Seasonal Mean Daily Minimum Humidity: 54.6 % (10.3 % higher than same season in 2019-20 and 1.7 % above average). This is the fourth highest on record for summer and the highest since 56.5 % in 2014-15.

 

Monthly Mean Daily Minimum Humidity (for December): 54.4 % (11.1 % higher than same month in 2019 and 3.5 % above average). This is the fourth highest on record for December and the highest since 56.7 % in 2011.

 

Monthly Mean Daily Minimum Humidity (for January): 54.1 % (3 % higher than same month in 2020 and 1.2 % above average). This is the fifth highest on record for January and the highest since 58.2 % in 2015.

 

Seasonal Mean Daily Maximum Humidity: 93.3% (10.2% higher than same season in 2019-20 and 2% above average). This is the fourth highest on record for summer and was the highest since 93.9 % in 2015.

 

Monthly Mean Daily Maximum Humidity (for January): 93.9 % (4.2 % higher than same month in 2020 and 2.8 % above average). This is the third highest on record for January and the highest since 95.3% in 2015.

 

Seasonal Mean Humidity: 73.9 % (10.2 % higher than same season in 2019-20 and 1.8 % above average). This is the fourth highest on record for summer and the highest since 75.2 % in 2015.

 

Monthly Mean Humidity (for December): 73.4 % (8.5 % higher than same month in 2019 and 2.6 % above average). This is the third highest on record for December and the highest since 75.6 % in 2011.

 

Monthly Mean Humidity (for January): 74 % (3.6% higher than same month in 2020 and 2 % above average). This is the fifth highest on record for January and the highest since 76.7 % in 2015.

 

Seasonal Lowest Humidity: 19 % on 8 December 2020 at 3:49 PM (12% higher than this month in 2019 and the same season in 2019-20). This is the fourth lowest monthly minimum humidity for December on record, the highest since 26 % in 2017 on 7 December at 12:56 PM, the sixth lowest daily minimum humidity for December and the lowest since 9% on 16 December 2019 at 9:21 AM. For summer this is the equal fourth lowest seasonal minimum relative humidity, the highest since 26% in 2018 on 7 December at 12:56 PM, the equal sixth lowest daily minimum relative humidity and the lowest since 9% on 16 December 2019 at 12:43 PM.

 

Seasonal Highest Humidity: 99 % on 15 December 2020 at 5:28 AM (2% higher than month in 2019 and equal to same season in 2019-20). This is the third highest and lowest monthly December maximum humidity on record and the equal lowest since 99% in 2017 since the current record low of 87% in 2016 on 20 December at 6:59 AM. For summer this is the second highest seasonal maximum relative humidity on record and the highest since 100% in 2017-18 on 26 February at 7:05 AM.

 

Monthly Highest humidity (for November): 96 % on 15 November 2020 at 2:01 AM (2 % lower than this month in 2019). This is the equal third highest monthly November maximum humidity on record and the second lowest since the current record low of 87% in 2016 on 20 November at 6:59 AM.

Seasonal mean daily minimum dew point: 17.8 ºC (0.2 ºC above average). This is the fifth highest seasonal mean minimum dew point on record for summer, and the highest since 18.4 ºC in 2016-17.

 

Monthly mean daily maximum dew point (for December): 17.8 ºC (1.3 ºC above average). This is the second highest monthly mean minimum dew point for December on record and the highest since the current record high of 19.1 ºC in 2010.

 

Seasonal mean daily maximum dew point: 22.2 ºC (0.7 ºC above average). This is the second highest seasonal mean maximum dew point on record for summer and the highest since the current record high of 22.3 ºC in 2016-17.

 

Monthly mean daily maximum dew point (for December): 22.4 ºC (1.6 ºC above average). This is the highest mean maximum dew point for December on record exceeding the previous record high of 21.7 ºC in 2017.

 

Monthly mean daily maximum dew point (for February): 22.4 ºC (0.5 ºC above average). This is the second highest mean maximum dew point for February and the highest since the current record high of 23.7 ºC in 2020.

 

Seasonal mean dew point: 20 ºC (0.5 ºC above average). This is the fourth highest seasonal mean dew point on record for summer and the highest since 20.3 ºC in 2016-17.

 

Monthly mean daily dew point (for December): 22.4 ºC (1.6 ºC above average). This is the highest mean maximum dew point for December on record exceeding the previous record high of 21.7 ºC in 2017.

 

Seasonal lowest dew point: 4.9 ºC on 8 December 2020 at 3:51 PM. This is the fourth lowest monthly minimum dew point for December on record, the highest since 10.9 ºC in 2017 on 6 December at 3:42 PM, the tenth lowest daily dew point for December and the lowest since 2.8 ºC on 16 December 2019 at 12:43 PM. For summer this is the fourth lowest seasonal minimum dew point on record, the highest since 10.9ºC in 2017-18 on 6 December at 3:42 PM, the tenth lowest daily dew point for summer and the lowest since 2.8 ºC on 16 December 2019 at 12:43 PM.

 

Seasonal highest dew point: 25.5 ºC on 17 January 2020 at 12:12 PM. This is the fifth highest monthly maximum dew point on record for January, the highest since 26.1 C in 2018 on 1 January at 2:07 PM, the tenth highest daily dew point on record for January and the highest since 25.7 ºC on 21 January 2020 at 1:36 PM. For summer this is the fourth lowest seasonal maximum dew point on record, the lowest since 25.3 ºC in 2018-19 on 13 February at 4:40 PM, the fourteenth highest daily dew point and the highest since 26.4 ºC in 2020 on 6 February at 9:02 AM.

 

Monthly highest dew point (for February): 24.9 ºC on 23 February 2021 at 1:20 PM. This is the fifth highest monthly maximum dew point on record for February, the lowest since 24.2 ºC in 2015 on 22 February at 3:58 PM, the thirteenth highest daily dew point on record for February and the highest since 21.2 ºC on 19 February 2019 at 5:25 PM.

Wind Speed - above average wind speed

Maximum Wind Gust: 50 km/hr on 14 December 2020 at 5:16 AM. This is the fifth lowest monthly December maximum wind gust on record, the lowest since 48 km/hr in 2018 on 21 December at 5:45 PM, the twentieth highest daily wind gust for December and the highest since 54 km/hr on 11 December 2019 at 10:07 PM. The maximum wind gust this month in 2019 and this season in 2019-20 was 54 km/hr. For summer this is the sixth lowest maximum seasonal wind gust, the lowest since 48 km/hr in 2019 on 21 December at 5:45 PM, the thirty-second highest daily maximum wind gust and the equal highest since 50 km/hr on 14 December 2020 at 5:16 AM.

 

Maximum Monthly Wind Gust (for January): 35 km/hr on 18 January 2021 at 9:29 AM. This is the lowest monthly January maximum wind gust on record exceeding the previous record low of 37 km/hr in 2019 on 27 January at 3:16 PM, the equal forty-second highest daily wind gust for January and the highest since 42 km/hr on 23 January 2020 at 11:35 AM.

 

Maximum Wind Speed: 21 km/hr on 7 December 2020 at 2:27 PM (Moderate Force Wind). This is the lowest monthly maximum wind speed for December on record, exceeding the previous record low of 25 km/hr in 2018 on 21 December at 5:45 PM, the fifth-first highest daily wind speed for December and the equal highest since 21 km/hr in 2019 on 24 December at 3:48 PM. This month in 2019 and this season in 2019-20 was 27 km/hr. For summer this is the lowest seasonal maximum wind speed on record, exceeding the previous record low of 25 km/hr in 2018-19 on 21 December at 5:45 PM, the equal ninety-third highest daily maximum wind speed and the highest since 33 km/hr in 2019 on 5 November at 1:45 PM.

 

Monthly Maximum Wind Speed (for January): 18 km/hr on 18 January 2020 at 6:23 PM (Moderate Force Wind). This is the lowest monthly maximum wind speed for January on record, exceeding the previous record low of 19 km/hr in 2019 on 27 January at 3:16 PM, the fifty-seventh highest daily wind speed for January and the equal highest since 24 km/hr in 2019 on 23 January at 11:45 AM.

 

Monthly Maximum Wind Speed (for February): 18 km/hr on 16 February 2021 at 5:45 PM (Light Force Wind). This is the lowest monthly maximum wind speed for February on record, exceeding the previous record low of 18.1 km/hr in 2012 on 20 February at 5:35 PM, the fifty-eighth highest daily wind speed for February and the highest since 19 km/hr in 2020 on 3 February at 4:05 PM.

 

Seasonal Wind Run: 9275.7 km (2142.7 km less than same season in 2019-20). This is the third highest on record and the lowest since 4230 km in 2017-18. This is 1706.1 km above average and 22.5 % above average.

 

 

Monthly Mean Wind Speed (for February): 1.8 km/hr (2.3 km/hr lower than this month in 2021), 2.1 km/hr below the long term average). This is the second lowest on record for February and the lowest since the current record low of 0.9 km/hr in 2012.

 

Daily Mean Maximum Wind Gust: 25.8 km/hr (2.3 km lower than this season in 2019-20), 1.7 km/hr above average and 6.6 % above average. This is the second lowest daily mean maximum wind gust for summer on record and the lowest since the current record low of 23.7 km/hr in 2011-12.

 

Daily Mean Maximum Wind Gust (for December): 28.1 km/hr (3.4 km/hr lower than this month in 2019), 0.9 km/hr above average and 3.9% above average. This is the fourth lowest daily mean maximum wind gust on record for December and the lowest since 26.3 km/hr in 2014.

 

Daily Mean Maximum Wind Gust (for January): 25.2 km/hr (3.3 km/hr lower than this month in 2020), 1.2 km/hr above average and 14.2% above average. This is the second lowest daily mean maximum wind gust on record for January and the lowest since 23.1 km/hr in 2012.

 

Daily Mean Maximum Wind Gust (for February): 24.1 km/hr (0.2 km/hr lower than this month in 2020), 0.1 km/hr above average and 0.2% above average. This is the second lowest daily mean maximum wind gust on record for February and the lowest since the current record low of 22.2 km/hr in 2012.

 

Daily Mean Maximum Wind Speed: 13.3 km/hr, 1.7 km/hr less than same season in 2019-20, 3.4 km/hr above average and 25.6 % above average. This is the second lowest daily mean maximum wind speed on record for summer and the lowest since the current record low of 13.2 km/hr in 2011-12.

 

Daily Mean Maximum Wind Speed (for December): 14.9 km/hr, 1.7 km/hr lower than this month in 2019), 3.7 km/hr above average and 4.4 % above average. This is the second lowest on record for December and lowest since the current record low of 14.7 km/hr in 2018.

 

Daily Mean Maximum Wind Speed (for January): 12.5 km/hr, 3.2 km/hr lower than this month in 2020), 3 km/hr above average and 37.7 % above average. This is the second lowest on record for January and lowest since the current record low of 12.4 km/hr in 2012.

 

Daily Mean Maximum Wind Speed (for November): 12.5 km/hr, 0.2 km/hr lower than this month in 2020), 2.7 km/hr above average and 27.5 % above average. This is the second lowest on record for February and lowest since the current record low of 10.1 km/hr in 2012.

Dominant Direction: SE (E this season in 2019-20).

Rainfall – Near average rainfall

Seasonal Rainfall Total: 367.9 mm (68.1 mm below average and 84.4% of the long term average), this season in 2019-20 was 628.5 mm. This is the sixteenth highest summer rainfall on record, the lowest since 131.1mm in 2017-18 and ranks as decile 5/ 42nd percentile and as average. Summer rainfall was 3.1 mm below the long-term median (99.2 % of long term median). Summer rainfall totals observed by the official sites in the Brisbane area were near average at most locations. The exception to this was Gatton that ranked historically as low with a total of 172 mm (56 % of the long term average) and recorded the lowest rainfall total of the main official sites. The remaining sites measured totals that were between 81 % of the long term average at Archerfield (332.6 mm) and 118 % of the long term average at Logan City Treatment Plant (470.2 mm). Brisbane observed a total of 358 mm which ranked as average (83% of the long term average). The highest total of the main official sites was 641.4 mm at Canungra and the highest of all the official sites was 792.8 mm at Mt Tamborine Fern St.

 

Number of Rain Days: 41 days, 1 less than same season in 2019-20 and 7.6 days above average. This is the eight highest on record for summer and the lowest since 35 days in 2018-19.

 

Number of Rain Days (0.1 mm or greater) for January: 19 days, 4 greater than same month in 2020 and 1.9 days below average. This is second highest on record for January and is the highest since 22 days in 2015.

 

Highest Daily Total: 70.1 mm on 14 December 2020. This is the fifth highest on record for December on monthly and daily basis and the highest since 82 mm in 1999 on 28 December. The highest daily total in the Brisbane area of all official sites was 140 mm at Peachester on the 14th. For summer this is the fourteenth lowest daily rainfall total on record, the lowest since 36 mm in 2018-19 on 17 December 2018, the thirty-fourth highest daily rainfall total and the highest since 93.9 mm on 7 February 2018. The highest daily total in the Brisbane area of all official sites in summer was 190.6 mm at Redland (Alexandra Hills) on 19 January 2021.

 

Wettest Month (December): 145.9 mm (16.7 mm above average) and 112.9% of the long-term average. This total is in decile 9/ 82nd percentile which ranks as high and 57.1 mm above the long-term median (161 % of long term median). This total is higher than this month in 2019 which was 56 mm, the seventh highest on record for December and the highest since the current record high of 450.1 mm in 2010. Most long period rainfall totals continue to remain below or well below average, that improved for many of these periods. As compared to the previous month the 6 monthly rainfall improved a little to 18.3 mm below average (decile 3). 9 monthly rainfall deteriorated from 171.9 mm above average to 52.7 mm below average (decile 6 to decile 3), while 12 month rainfall improved by 91 mm to 94.2 mm above average (decile 6). 18 month rainfall was 38 mm below average (decile 3) and improved by 100mm compared to the previous month. 24 monthly and 36 monthly rainfall improved a little from the previous month while remaining below average and was 366.1 mm below average (decile 3) and 203 mm (decile 4) respectively. 48 monthly rainfall deteriorated a little and was 156.7 mm below average (decile 5). Compared with the same period in the previous year most of these periods have improved, though some of the longer periods have not improved as much. The anomaly from the long term average for the 12 monthly rainfall have improved by 564 mm which was largest improvement of these periods compared with the same period in the previous year.

 

The official sites in the Brisbane area observed near or above average rainfall totals at most sites. The lowest rainfall total observed by the main official sites was 47 mm at Gatton, which was 48 % of the long-term average and ranked as low. Many sites ranked as average with totals that were between 75 % at Cape Moreton (94 mm) and 100 % of the long-term average at Brisbane Aero (120.2 mm). Several sites ranked historically as high and these were 169 mm at Archerfield (136 % of the long-term average), 158 mm at Beaudesert (138 % of the long term average) and 150.4 mm at Redcliffe (130 % of the long term average). A total of 241 mm at Beerburrum ranked as very high and was 155 % of the long-term average. The highest total of the main official sites was 258 mm at Logan City Treatment Plant which was 206 % of the long-term average and was the highest on record for December. The previous record high was 252.6 mm in December 1995. The highest rainfall total of all the official sites was 445.8 mm at Mt Tamborine. Brisbane observed a total of 127.2 mm which was 99 % of the long-term average and ranked as average.

 

Driest Month (January): 95.8 mm (4.2 mm above average) and 66.1% of the long-term average. This total is in decile 9/ 82nd percentile which ranks as average and 28.2 mm below the long-term median (75.8 % of long term median). This total is lower than this month in 2020 which was 183.3 mm, the fourteenth highest on record for January and the lowest since 62 mm in 2018. Most of the long period rainfall totals continue to remain below or well below average that reduced in January. As compared to the previous month the 6 monthly rainfall worsened a little to 74.7 mm below average (decile 4). 9 monthly rainfall dropped from 52.7 mm below average to 153.5 mm below average (decile 2), and 12 month rainfall remained in the positive but slipped by 86 mm to 8.2 mm above average (remaining at decile 6). 18 month deteriorated significantly from 529.5 mm above average (decile 8) to 150.4 mm below average (decile 3). 24 monthly rainfall improved from the previous month from 366.1 mm below average to 163.9 mm below average (remaining at decile 3), while 36 month rainfall fell significantly from 364 mm above average (decile 8) to 442.6 below average (decile 3). 48 monthly rainfall improved from 156.7 mm below average to 68.8 mm below average (decile 4). Compared with the same period in the previous year most of these periods have improved except for 36 month rainfall falling from 124.6 mm above average to 442.6 mm below average.

 

Most of the official sites in the Brisbane area observed near average or above average rainfall totals. The exception to this was Archerfield that observed the lowest fraction of the long term average of 45% and the lowest total of the main official sites of 60.6 mm. Many of the sites observed rainfall that historically ranked as average that were between 63% of the long term average at Brisbane with a total of 86.6 mm and 120 % of the long term average at Beaudesert (173.8 mm). Two sites observed totals that ranked historically as high being 132 % of the long term average at Amberley (152.6 mm) and 132 % of the long term average at Cape Moreton Lighthouse (193.8 mm). The highest rainfall total of all the official sites was 281.3 mm at Caloundra Airport.

 

February Monthly Rainfall: 126.2 mm (35.6 mm below average) and 78% of the long-term average. This total is in decile 5/ 41st percentile which ranks as average and 9.8 mm below the long-term median (82.1 % of long term median). This total is lower than this month in 2020 which was 389.2 mm, the thirteenth highest on record for February and the lowest since 39.8 mm in 2019. Many of the long period rainfall totals reduced as compared to the previous month and remained below or well below average. As compared with the previous month the 6 monthly rainfall reduced slightly by 20 mm to 94.7 mm below average (decile 6) and 9 monthly rainfall slipped by 45 mm to 108.6 mm below average (decile 3). 12 monthly rainfall was slightly above average in the previous month but fell to 256.4 mm below average (decile 3) in February. 18 month rainfall fell slightly to 167.8 mm below average while the 24 month, 36 month and 48 month rainfall totals mostly fell by a large amount and were at decile 3. The deficiencies compared to the long term average for 24 month rainfall fell from -163.9 mm to -312 mm, 36 month rainfall improved from -442.6 mm to -344.6 mm and 48 month rainfall fell from -68.8 mm to -360.3mm. Compared with the same period in 2020 rainfall deficiencies have deteriorated, in contrast to January where the rainfall totals were less deficient than in January 2020. When compared with the start of summer rainfall totals worsened for all periods except for 24 month rainfall that improved by 54 mm but was still well below average.

 

Most official sites in the Brisbane area observed close to average rainfall totals in February and was below average at some locations. The below average rainfall totals were measured at two locations, namely Cape Moreton Lighthouse (52 % of the long term average and a total of 80.6 mm) and Gatton (40% of the long term average and a total of 39.4 mm). The totals for these two sites ranked historically as low. The remaining sites saw totals that ranked historically as average which ranged between 55 % of the long term average at Amberley, with a total of 65.8 mm and 127 % of the long term average at Brisbane Aero with a total of 173.4 mm (and observed the highest total of all the main official sites). The highest total of all the official sites was 213.8 mm at Fort Lytton.

Seasonal Rainfall Total – (automatic gauge) 24 hours to 9am: 307.8 mm (60.1 mm less than official standard gauge and within 16.3 %). Highest daily total of automatic gauge, (24 hours to 9am): 57 mm on 14 December 2020, (24 hours from midnight): 41.4 mm on 14 December 2020.

 

Note: This automatic gauge for the season didn’t meet the expected accuracy (of +/- 10% of the standard gauge) of –16.3%. Note: The rain gauge saw monthly totals that were within 19.9 % in December, 8.4 % in January and 18.2 % in February.

 

There was 4 days with falls of at least 25 mm (5 less than same season in 2019) with 13 days of less than 1 mm (5 less than same season in 2019).

 

Highest rainfall rate was 145.8 mm/hr on the 16 January 2021 at 7:20 PM. This is the third highest monthly rainfall rate for January on record, the lowest since 48.6 mm/hr in 2019 on 7 January at 6:36 AM, the fourth highest daily maximum rain rate for January and the highest since 167 mm/hr on 19 January 2020 at 11:59 AM. For summer this is the fifth highest rainfall rate on record, the lowest since 104.7 mm in 2018-19 on 6 February at 11:48 PM, the eighth highest daily rainfall rate and the highest since 157.8 mm/hr on 9 February 2020 at 10:41 AM.

 

Monthly highest rainfall rate (for December) was 56.2 mm/hr on the 1 December 2020 at 3:48 PM. This is the third lowest monthly rainfall rate for December on record, the lowest since 55.2 mm/hr in 2012 on 10 December at 12:45 PM, the thirteenth highest daily maximum rain rate for December and the highest since 188.8 mm/hr on 24 December 2019 at 7:51 PM.

 

The highest hourly rainfall total was 27.6 mm on the 16 January 2021 at 7:49 PM. This is the fourth highest hourly rain for January on monthly and daily basis and the lowest since 2.8 mm in 2019 on 4 January at 1:20 AM. For summer this is the fifth lowest seasonal maximum hourly rainfall on record, the lowest since 8.2 mm in 2018-19 on 16 December at 5:05 AM, the seventh highest daily maximum hourly rainfall and the highest since 33.6 mm on 17 January 2020 at 11:14 PM.

Seasonal rainfall summary

 

 

 

Number of severe thunderstorms: 1

 

Number of thunderstorms: 10 (Mild: 10, Moderate: 2)

 

Number of thunder days: 14 days

 

Number of nearby only storms: 7

 

Severe thunderstorms in the Brisbane area:

 

December:

  • Nil

 

January:

The Bureau reported that:

 

“Widespread thunderstorms activity brought heavy falls to south-east Queensland on the 18th. Flash flooding occurred in and around suburbs of Alexandra Hills, Birkdale, Thornside, Capalaba, Upper Coomera, Willow Vale and Ormeau Hills. Redland (Alexandra Hills) reported 120 mm in one hour. The SES had around 205 requests for assistance, mainly around flash flooding. QFES responded to 12 swift water rescue incidents, mainly for vehicles driving through flooded roads.”

 

February:

  • Nil

 

Summer 2020-21 weather of note:

  • Cloudy on the 1st with some showers with the temperature rather variable and the relative humidity variable and high during the day.
  • The temperature was rather variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon on the 3rd.
  • Increasing cloud became cloudy on the 4th and 5th.
  • Cloudy early on the 6th and in the afternoon along with a S to SE wind change in the evening.
  • Cloudy on the 7th.
  • On the 8th it was cloudy, and the temperature rose slowly in the morning reaching the maximum temperature in the late morning before falling during the rest of day and became very cold in the late morning and was cold in the afternoon. Relative humidity was high from the late morning to the mid-afternoon.
  • Cold in the morning and afternoon and was cloudy during the 9th. The temperature was rather variable from the late morning to the mid-afternoon.
  • Later in the early hours on the 10th the temperature stopped falling and rose before the temperature was variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon that rose rather slowly.
  • Variable temperature in the early hours of the 11th and the maximum temperature was reached in the late morning as the temperature fell a little in the afternoon.
  • On the 13th the temperature rose slowly during the day and was variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon.
  • Mostly sunny on the 14th and the temperature was variable from the mid-morning to the early afternoon.
  • Sunny on the 15th.
  • Mostly sunny early on the 16th becoming cloudy in the afternoon with 2 nearby thunderstorms and a brief heavy shower in the early evening. The temperature rose steadily during the day becoming hot from the late morning. The temperature fell quickly in the afternoon as the cloud increased, which after temporarily rising fell quickly due to the nearby thunderstorm. Later in the afternoon the temperature fell slowly before stabilising in the evening.
  • Cloudy with rainfall in the afternoon of the 18th.
  • Haze in the morning, was cloudy at times and the temperature was variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon of the 20th.
  • Cloudy at times on the 21st with the temperature rising rather slowly during the day and was variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon.
  • Variable temperature from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon of the 22nd that rose and fell many times.
  • Cloudy periods in the afternoon of the 24th with the temperature variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon
  • Cloudy in the morning of the 25th with the temperature rather variable during the morning.
  • Variable temperature from the md-morning to the mid-afternoon on the 26th and 29th.
  • Cloudy periods on the 31st.
  • 1 day of dew – light: 13th.
  • On the 1st a high pressure system in the Tasman Sea extended a ridge along the east Queensland coast. A surface trough shifted eastwards over western Queensland and brought warm northerly flow.
  • A decaying ridge extended along the east Queensland coast on the 2nd, while a trough became slow moving over the interior of the state and continued to extend warm northerly flow across to its east.
  • On the 3rd a weakening ridge continued to extend along the east Queensland coast, while a surface trough remained over the inland and extended a warm and stagnant air mass over much of the state that continued to extend over eastern Queensland.
  • The inland trough weakened over the inland of the state on the 4th that extended some instability in the south-east of the state and maintained a warm air mass. A weak ridge remained along the east Queensland coast from a weak high pressure system near New Zealand
  • On the 5th the inland surface trough decayed while another trough shifted into western Queensland that shifted eastwards over the interior of the state on the 6th maintaining warm northerly flow over most of the state and over the south-east.
  • On the 7th the trough shifted eastwards into central and south-eastern parts of the state and brought warm conditions to its east and instability in the region.
  • On the 8th a surface trough and cold front shifted northwards through south-east Queensland reaching northern parts of the region in the evening and extended a south-easterly wind change with its passage. This brought instability with some showers and thunderstorms.
  • A high pressure system over eastern New South Wales on the 9th moved into the Tasman Sea and extended a ridge along the southern Queensland coast.
  • A weak high pressure system moved into the Tasman Sea and extended a ridge of high pressure of the east Queensland coast on the 10th
  • On the 11th an upper low pressure system was located over northern New South Wales. A surface trough developed in the Coral Sea and brought unstable conditions especially on the southern Queensland coast. A high pressure system extended a ridge along the east Queensland coast.
  • An upper low pressure system shifted northwards into south-east Queensland on the 12th as a coastal trough developed off the southern Queensland coast that brought instability. A high pressure system moving east into the Tasman Sea extended a ridge and onshore flow along the east Queensland coast.
  • On the 13th an upper low pressure system moved northwards through south-east Queensland and shifted off the Rockhampton coast. This induced the surface trough off the southern and Fraser Coasts to deepen further and a low pressure system to develop off the Fraser coast while drifting towards the southern Queensland coast. A high pressure system in the Tasman Sea extended onshore wind flow along the east Queensland coast and this developed a convergent wind flow along the southern Queensland coast. This brought strong to gale force winds along the southern Queensland coast and resulted in dangerous surf conditions with coastal erosion and abnormally high tides as well as unstable conditions with rain and showers.
  • On the 14th a high pressure system in the Tasman Sea extended a ridge along the east Queensland coast. An upper level low off the Capricornia coast shifted southwards into the south-east of the state while a coastal trough with multiple circulations on the trough shifted southwards towards the southern Queensland coast before moving onshore later in the afternoon while weakening. This produced severe weather with hazardous surf, abnormally high tides along the southern Queensland coast, heavy to intense rain and dangerous winds that eased during the day especially closer to the coastline.
  • A weakening trough moved westwards over the south-east of the state, on the 15th while the upper low pressure system drifted southwards over the south-east. This brought further rainfall that eased early in the day as well as the high seas and abnormally high tides that also eased.
  • On the 16th a weak trough over the south-east of the state in combination with a high pressure system in the Tasman Sea that extended a ridge along the east Queensland coast brought showers and thunderstorm over the south—east.
  • An upper level trough on the 17th enhanced unstable conditions over the south-east of the state before shifting offshore later in the day. However unstable conditions persisted over most of the state, including the south-east as a trough in the previous few days remained over western parts of the state.
  • On the 18th and 19th a trough remained over western Queensland while shifting slightly further eastwards. A high pressure system in the Tasman Sea extended a weak ridge along the east Queensland coast. Unstable conditions persisted in the region but was mostly over inland parts of the south-east.
  • A trough over the west of the state shifted eastwards over the state and brought instability on the 20th and 21st, mostly away from the east Queensland coast. A new high pressure system moved eastwards into the Tasman Sea maintaining a weak ridge along the east Queensland coast.
  • Warm ahead of a surface trough that shifted eastwards into the south-east of the state on the 22nd. This brought unstable conditions in the region.
  • The trough cleared through the south-east of the state on the 23rd allowing a high pressure system developing in the Great Australian Bight to extend a south-easterly wind change over the south-east with settled conditions
  • A ridge extended along the east Queensland coast on the 24th and 25th as a high pressure system remained over the Great Australian Bight moved into south-eastern Australia on the 25th. Cloud over the region as a trough extends over northern and central parts of the state.
  • The high pressure system moved into the Tasman Sea on the 26th and extended a weakening ridge along the east Queensland coast on the 26th and 27th.
  • On the 28th a weak ridge persisted along the east Queensland coast, contracting to the southern Queensland coast on the 29th as the high pressure system moved further east over the Tasman Sea and to near New Zealand on the 29th.
  • A high pressure system moved into the Tasman Sea on the 30th and extended a ridge of high pressure along the east Queensland coast on the 30th and 31st.
  • 1/12/20: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds. Smoke haze. The temperature fell slowly in the early hours and was warm, easing to slightly above average during the day, with the temperature a little variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. In the mid-afternoon the temperature temporarily eased to near average before slightly warm temperature became warm later in the evening. Stable and close to average or slightly above average dew point early in the day, fell slowly in the morning and in the afternoon and was near average that became slightly above average from the mid-morning before generally stable dew point in the evening. Slightly below average relative humidity early in the day, fell in the morning and became moderately low and then became near average during the day and in the evening. Light S to SE winds in the early hours, tended to S to SW later in the early hours with calm winds at times before S to ESE winds in the morning. This was followed by light and variable winds before NNE to ENE winds from the late morning, ESE to ENE winds in the mid-afternoon and ENE to NE during the rest of the afternoon and early in the evening. Light N to NNE winds during the rest of the evening.
  • 2/12/20: Partly cloudy becoming cloudy in the afternoon with Cu and Ci clouds. Smoke haze. Warm from early in the day and warm during the morning. The temperature was slightly warm in the afternoon that fell a little slowly in the afternoon after the maximum temperature was reached in the middle of the day. In the evening, the warmth increased and became very warm in the late evening. Slightly above average dew point from early in the day that fell in the early hours, rose during the morning, became moderately high in the middle of the day before falling slowly in the afternoon, slightly above average. In the evening, the dew point was stable and slightly above average that became moderately high in the late evening. Near average relative humidity early in the day eased in the morning to slightly below average and back to near average from the late morning as the relative humidity fell more slowly. In the afternoon, the relative humidity was generally stable close to average or slightly above average before close to average relative humidity in the evening. Light N to NE winds at the start of the day became calm during the rest of the early hours before S to SW winds became E to SSE in the morning, became SE to NE from the mid-morning, E to NE in the afternoon and during the evening before E to SE winds later tonight.
  • 3/12/20: Partly cloudy with Cu and Ci clouds. Smoke haze. Very warm start to the day as the temperature fell slowly, easing during the morning and became near average from the late morning. In the evening, the temperature became slightly warm. Stable dew point in the early hours and was moderately high before easing back to slightly above average in the morning as the dew point fell slowly. From the late morning the dew point returned to near average from the late morning, fell slowly in the afternoon before rising a little early in the evening before falling slowly later in the evening while remaining close to average. Relative humidity rose slowly in the early hours, slightly above average becoming near average from the mid-morning after the relative humidity that fell quickly in the morning fell more slowly. The relative humidity in the early evening was slightly below average and near average during the rest of the evening. Light ENE to SE winds early, N to ENE winds later in the early hours with some calm winds, NE to ESE in the morning, SE to NE in the afternoon before E to SE winds from the late afternoon. Winds tended ENE to NNE in the evening before calm winds later in the evening.
  • 4/12/20: Mostly sunny with Ci clouds and some Cu clouds and Ac clouds in the morning. Smoke haze. During most of the early hours the temperature rose very slowly and was warm. After easing to slightly warm the temperature returned to warm during the morning as the temperature rose, then eased to slightly warm in the afternoon after the maximum temperature was reached in the middle of the day and was warm in the evening. Variable temperature from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. In the early hours, the dew point rose and during the morning and was slightly above average after the dew point was near average at the start of the day. In the morning, the dew point became stable and returned to near average, rose for a brief moment in the early afternoon and became slightly above average, was stable during the rest of the afternoon before falling slowly in the late afternoon and early in the evening. The dew point was stable during the rest of the evening and remained slightly above average. Relative humidity was slightly below average from early in the day that fell quickly in the morning and returned to near average from the afternoon. Calm winds early before light NNW to NE winds in the morning, shifting to ESE to ENE in the early afternoon, ESE to SE in the mid-afternoon before backing to ENE to NE in the late afternoon and early evening. Winds then became SSE to ESE before NNW to NE later in the evening that were followed by E to ENE winds.
  • 5/12/20: Sunny with Ci clouds in the morning clearing in the afternoon. Warm from early in the day to the early afternoon before returning to near average in the mid to late afternoon as the temperature rose more slowly from the late morning and then fell from the mid-afternoon. Warm in the evening as the temperature fell slowly. In the early hours, the dew point fell slowly before rising in the morning, became stable from the mid-morning before falling slowly in the late evening while remaining slightly above average over the entire day. Near average or slightly below average relative humidity in the early hours while rising slowly, then became slightly below average in the morning as the relative humidity fell quite quickly in the morning before falling more slowly. From the mid-morning the relative humidity was near average. Light E to NE winds at the start of the day, tending N to NE before calm winds during the rest of the early hours, before NNW to WNW winds in the early morning became mostly S to ESE and then E to SSE from the mid-morning. Winds backed during the rest of the morning to E to NE from the late morning and until early evening. Light N to NE winds later in the evening with some N to NW winds.
  • 6/12/20: Partly cloudy with Ci and Cs clouds. Smoke haze. Warm from early, became hot in the morning with the temperature rising quite quickly during the morning. After the maximum temperature was reached in the late morning, the temperature generally fell in the afternoon while easing to slightly warm. In the evening, the temperature became hot as the temperature fell slowly. In the early hours, the dew point fell slowly, rose a little in the early morning before falling very slowly afterwards slightly above average from early and near average in the morning. The dew point became stable during the morning, rose in the late morning, and became slightly above average, rose slowly in the afternoon, and became moderately high before becoming stable from the late morning. The relative humidity rose a little slowly in the early hours becoming slightly below average before moderately low relative humidity during the morning as the relative humidity fell quickly during the morning before easing to slightly to below average later in the morning as the relative humidity fell more slowly. From the late morning the relative humidity rose, quickly at first and quite steadily but more slowly afterwards with the relative humidity returning to near average. The relative humidity rose a little slowly in the evening slightly below average. Light N to NE winds in the early hours became calm later in the early morning before N to NE winds in the morning with some E to NE winds from the mid-morning. SE to NE later in the morning, ESE to SE in the early afternoon that became E to NE through to early evening. With some calm winds at times winds continued to E to NE before NW to NE winds later in the evening before calm winds at the end of the day.
  • 7/12/20: Cloudy periods of Cu, Ac and As clouds becoming cloudy with Cu and Cb clouds in the afternoon Smoke haze. Light rain in the early to mid-morning. The edge of a mild thunderstorm at 2pm, followed by a mild thunderstorm with moderate falls and a light shower in the late afternoon. A mild decaying thunderstorm in the early evening. Very hot in the early hours, with the temperature rising and falling several times while generally not falling much. In the morning, the temperature eased to slightly warm, then after briefly rising sharply in the late morning and became warm the temperature stabilised in the middle of the day while remaining warm. Following this with the thunderstorms the temperature fell 9 C in just over an hour and became cool in the mid-afternoon before generally continuing to fall slowly during the rest of the afternoon and evening. During the evening, the temperature eased to near average and to slightly warm in the late evening. Dew point was stable at the start of the day, moderately high before sharply falling for a brief period and then became stable during the rest of the early hours slightly above average and early in the morning close to average. The dew point rose slowly in the morning and was close to average, then fell slightly in the middle of the day before rising in the early to mid-afternoon and became moderately high, reaching 24 C. During the rest of the afternoon the dew point was stable before falling a little and eased to slightly above average. In the evening, the dew point was slightly above average and stable. Relative humidity fell sharply for a brief period at the start of the day and became low and remained low during the rest of the early hours and during the early morning that only rose slowly before remaining stable but eased to slightly below average. During the morning, the relative humidity returned to near average, then rose in the afternoon and became very high from the mid-afternoon after rising 48% in 2 hours. As the relative humidity rose slowly or was stable the relative humidity eased during the evening to slightly above average later in the evening. Light WSW to WNW winds early in the day, backed during the rest of the early hours to NNE to NNW later in the early hours with some calm winds before N to NNE winds in the morning that were followed by calm winds before N to NE winds N from the mid-morning, then variable winds later in the morning and in the early afternoon that were followed by E to SE winds in the early afternoon. During the rest of the afternoon were N to NE winds with some E to NE winds of light strength and briefly moderate with the first thunderstorm. Light N to NNE winds in the evening with N to NW winds with the evening thunderstorm.
  • 8/12/20: Mostly cloudy with Ac and As clouds, easing to partly cloudy in the afternoon with Cu and Sc clouds. Warm early in the day, easing to slightly warm in the morning. Variable temperature from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. In the afternoon, the temperature fell slowly and more quickly later in the afternoon before becoming slightly warm from the late afternoon as the temperature fell slowly. In the early hours, the dew point was stable, rose in the morning and was slightly above average, then fell from the mid-morning until the mid-afternoon from near average in the morning to low in the mid-afternoon. Later in the afternoon the dew point rose before rising sharply and returned to near average after rising 9 C in 10 minutes. In the evening, the dew point fell slowly close to average. Near average relative humidity was near average that rose slowly in the early hours, fell quickly during the morning reaching slightly below average in the late morning and to low in the afternoon as the relative humidity continued to fall but more slowly. After falling to a low of 21% the relative humidity rose later in the afternoon before rising sharply of 33% in 20 minutes easing to slightly below average. In the evening, the relative humidity rose slowly while remaining slightly below average. Light N to NNE winds at the start of the day, was followed by variable winds that became calm during the rest of the early hours before light WNW to NNW winds became N to NNW that tended WSW to NW during the rest of the morning and in the afternoon. An SSE to ESE wind change in the late afternoon with winds becoming S to SE in the evening with some calm winds early in the evening.
  • 9/12/20: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds. Smoke haze. From early the temperature was near average or slightly warm and was quite variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. From the late morning to the mid-afternoon the temperature cooled from near average to slightly cool or cool. From the late afternoon the temperature returned to near average. For one hour the temperature rose instead of falling. Early in the day the dew point fell slowly, rose in the morning close to average before becoming stable from the mid-morning but was a little variable slightly below average. Slightly below average relative humidity at the start of the day, reduced to low later in the early hours and to low in the morning as the relative humidity rose slowly in the early hours and fell quickly in the morning. From the mid-morning the relative humidity fell more slowly and eased to near average from the late morning. In the evening, the relative humidity was slightly below average as the relative humidity rose a little slowly in the and fell for 1 hour during the evening. Light S to SE winds at the start of the day tended S to SSW winds with calm winds at times before SW winds in the early morning and then E to SE winds, E to NE in the late morning, E to SE in the early afternoon and was followed by E to NE winds with some E to SE winds before becoming calm late in the evening.
  • 10/12/20: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds. The temperature rose slowly in the early hours after the minimum temperature was reached at the start of the day. Variable temperature from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. Later in the evening the temperature fell slowly before stabilising in the late evening and became slightly warm. Close to average dew point over the entire day that steadily rose in the early hours, became generally stable from the morning and a little variable. Relative humidity was stable and slightly below average early in the day, fell during the morning and became moderately low before returning to near average from the mid-morning to the late afternoon and then became slightly below average in the evening as the relative humidity rose a little slowly. Calm winds early, light N to ENE winds in the morning, E to NE from later in the morning, ENE to NE from the late afternoon before N to NE winds later in the evening and was followed by calm winds at the end of the day.
  • 11/12/20: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds becoming cloudy in the afternoon. Some brief light showers in the late morning and early afternoon, light showers in the mid-afternoon before returning in the evening and tended to light rain periods later in the evening. Slightly warm in the early hours and in the morning as the temperature fell slowly or was stable in the early hours. In the morning and the first half of the afternoon the temperature was variable, with the maximum temperature reached in the late morning and was cool in the afternoon. The temperature reduced from near average in the morning to cold in the mid-afternoon as the temperature fell quickly in the mid-afternoon with the rainfall becoming stable or fell slowly during the rest of the afternoon and during the evening while remaining slightly cool. Stable dew point in the early hours, then rose a little in the early morning before falling in the morning close to average. From the mid-morning the dew point was generally stable but was a little variable and near or slightly below average and was slightly below average in the afternoon. In the evening, the dew point was stable and returned to near average later in the evening. Slightly below average relative humidity in the early hours as the relative humidity rose slowly before falling a little later in the early hours. As the relative humidity fell quickly in the morning this became moderately low. From the mid-morning the relative humidity stopped falling, was a little variable during the day while becoming moderately high in the afternoon and then rose in the mid-afternoon and became very high. As the relative humidity stabilised or rose slowly it returned to near average later in the evening. Mostly calm winds early before SSE to ESE winds with some S winds in the morning, tending SSW to SE from the mid-morning, then calm winds later in the evening, that were followed by SSW to SW winds in the evening.
  • 12/12/20: Cloudy with As, Cu and Ns clouds and partly cloudy from the early to mid-afternoon. Light rain periods in the early hours, easing to very light rain in the morning until the mid-morning. Light showers in the late afternoon and evening with some brief moderate falls in the evening. Slightly cool in the early hours and initially fell before falling very slowly or was stable. In the morning, the temperature rose slowly and was cold to very cold from the mid-morning. The temperature rose more quickly in the afternoon, then soon stabilised soon afterwards and was quite variable and eased a little to cold. While remaining cold the temperature fell or was stable during the rest of the afternoon, then was cool that was generally stable before falling quickly for a brief period before becoming stable. Later in the evening the temperature eased to slightly cool. In the early hours, the dew point fell slowly close to average, rose slowly in the morning slightly below average before easing to near average in the early morning. During the morning, the dew point rose, stabilised later in the morning and was slightly below average or near average. In the early afternoon, the dew point rose, then fell from 2pm before slowly rising and was near average during the rest of the day. Slowly rising relative humidity in the early hours was close to average, then fell very slowly in the morning and became very high quite quickly before easing to slightly above average in the afternoon as the relative humidity fell during the day. In the evening, the relative humidity became moderately high after rising for a brief period before falling slightly while easing to slightly above average. During the rest of the evening the relative humidity rose slowly slightly above average. Light SSW to SW winds early, light S to SW winds in the morning and afternoon, S to SE in the early evening and after a brief period of calm winds there were S to SW winds before WSW to SSW winds with some variable winds at 10pm.
  • 13/12/20: Cloudy with Cu and Ns clouds. Light and brief showers in the early hours, increasing in frequency later in the early hours and in the early morning and continued less frequently until the mid-morning. Light showers later in the morning, then light rain or drizzle during the afternoon, increasing a little in intensity in the evening before moderate falls in the later evening. In the early hours, the temperature rose slowly in the early hours, rose quite slowly in the morning, stopped rising from the mid-morning while rising that became cold in the mid-morning to very cold from the late morning. In the afternoon, the temperature rose slowly, while remaining below the earlier maximum temperature, then fell slowly later in the afternoon and early in the evening remaining very cold that eased to cold in the evening. The temperature rose slowly during the rest of the evening that eased to slightly cool later in the evening.
  • 14/12/30: Cloudy with Cu and Ns clouds. Light to moderate rain at the start of the day, eased to light to moderate showers during the rest of the early hours and ceasing in the mid-morning. Light rain in the middle of the day cleared to light showers and drizzle during the afternoon that cleared in the late afternoon. The remnants of a thunderstorm passed through in the evening. Pressure reached a high of 1009.4 hPa at 8:26am that fell to a low of 1005.3 hPa at 11:23am that coincided with rain starting later in the morning then rose quickly from 11:50 am to 1007.3 hPa at 12:02pm. Following this the pressure fell slowly. The wind started to increase just before 10 am after the pressure had started to drop before easing as the pressure rose. The temperature was close to average early in the day, then became slightly warm as the temperature rose at the start of the day and was stable or rose slowly during the rest of the early hours. The minimum temperature occurred at 8pm in the previous day, whilst the previous day maximum temperature occurred in the mid-morning. In the morning, the temperature rose slowly and was slightly cool before becoming cold later in the morning. At 11am the temperature stopped rising, fell and became very cold and stabilised in the middle of the day. In the afternoon, the temperature rose slowly to the maximum temperature in the late afternoon but was a little variable and was cool. In the evening, the temperature eased to near average while falling slowly before stabilising later in the evening. At the start of the day the dew point rose at the start of the day and became slightly above average, then was stable during the rest of the early hours, rose slowly during the morning, slowly fell from the mid-morning, and returned to near average. In the middle of the day the dew point stabilised, then slowly rose that returned to slightly above average in the afternoon, fell slowly from the late afternoon before stabilising later in the evening while remaining slightly above average. Near saturation in the early hours and was stable, that became moderately high in the morning as the relative humidity remained stable. Later in the morning the relative humidity fell slowly and became very high, then rose in the late morning, stabilised in the afternoon, and fell slowly later in the afternoon while remaining very high. As the relative humidity rose a little from the late afternoon the relative humidity eased to moderately high before stabilising later in the evening. Light but gusty winds at times of SSW to SW early in the day that shifted to S to SE and then S to SSE in the morning. Increasing gusty winds at times light to briefly moderate S to SSE winds which was accompanied by the rainfall in the middle of the day before the wind died down just after midday. Light SSE to NE winds followed midday, tending S to SE of decreasing wind speed during the rest of the afternoon, with some calm winds late in the afternoon. Light S to SW winds in the evening with periods of calm before calm winds later in the evening.
  • 15/12/20: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds and cloudy in the mid to late morning. Light to moderate showers later in the morning. Early fog lifted in the early morning before clearing. Early in the day the temperature fell slowly and was slightly warm before returning to near average in the morning. The temperature fell temporarily with the rainfall and became cool before easing back to near average by the early afternoon as the temperature rose but was a little variable. From the mid-afternoon the temperature generally fell close to average before falling more steadily from the late afternoon and became slightly warm in the evening. Dew point fell very slowly early, then rose in the morning slightly above average, generally fell in the afternoon while easing to slightly above average, stabilised in the late afternoon, rose a little early in the evening before stabilising during the rest of the evening, while remaining slightly above average. Close to average relative humidity and was stable and near saturation in the early hours and early morning at 99% for nearly 2 hours. Relative humidity was slightly above average in the morning, that became very high later in the morning as the relative humidity rose quickly to a high of 95% before generally falling through to the mid-afternoon and then was slightly above average from the mid-afternoon. Calm winds from early, then light and variable in the mid-morning, N to NNE winds in the late morning before NNE to ENE winds in the early afternoon. During the rest of the afternoon and early evening were E to NE winds before calm winds later in the evening.
  • 16/12/20: Cloudy at times with Cu, Sc and Ac clouds. A brief light shower at 4am. Light showers in the late afternoon and in the evening. Slightly warm that became warm during the early hours and in the early morning after the minimum temperature was reached at 2am and then rose during the rest of the early hours. Near average temperature in the morning and afternoon and was variable while rising and falling many times from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. In the evening, the temperature became slightly warm and warm later in the evening while the temperature fell slowly. Dew point fell a little in the first 2 hours of the day before rising afterwards and was slightly above average before becoming moderately high from later in the early hours. In the morning and afternoon, the dew point was stable and moderately high, fell a little later in the afternoon before becoming stable in the evening while being slightly above average or moderately high. Relative humidity was near average that rose slowly in the early hours, fell rather slowly during the day and was a little variable and was moderately high in the morning and afternoon and became high later in the afternoon. In the evening, the relative humidity stabilised while easing to slightly above average later in the evening. Calm winds early before light WNW to SSW winds in the morning became ESE to SE from the late morning, became E to SE in the afternoon before ESE to ENE winds later in the afternoon. Light E to NE winds in the evening while gradually backing to N to NE later in the evening.
  • 17/12/20: Cloudy periods with Cu, Sc and Ac clouds. Some light showers in the early hours. A light to moderate shower in the late morning and another light shower in the early afternoon. Stable or falling slowly temperature in the early hours with a warm night. The temperature returned to near average in the morning and was a little variable, then fell later in the morning with the shower and became cool before rising in the middle of the day. The temperature fell again in the early afternoon with the shower before rising afterwards but did not rise much higher than the maximum temperature that was reached in the middle of the day. The temperature returned to near average from the late afternoon before becoming slightly warm later in the evening as the temperature fell slowly in the evening. The dew point fell slightly in the early hours, then rose from the early morning moderately high but was quite variable before falling in the afternoon and eased to slightly above average from the late afternoon. In the evening, the dew point was stable and returned to moderately high late in the evening. Near average relative humidity from early, fell rather slowly in the morning before rising later in the morning and became very high. In the afternoon, the relative humidity fell slowly but rose and fell a few times while remaining very high. In the late afternoon, the relative humidity eased to moderately high and to slightly above average in the late evening as the relative humidity rose quite slowly from the late afternoon. Light N to NNE with some NE winds and was calm at times in the early hours and in the morning, light E to NE from the mid-morning, ENE to NE from the early afternoon before becoming NNE to NE in the evening and N to ENE later in the evening.
  • 18/12/20: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds. Some light showers in the early hours. Warm in the early hours as the temperature was stable or fell slowly, then eased during the morning to near average from the late morning as the temperature rose more slowly later in the morning. The temperature was variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. Slightly warm early in the evening and became warm as the temperature fell more slowly before stabilising later in the evening. Dew point was stable in the early hours and rose a little in the morning, then after briefly falling the dew point rose during the morning while remaining moderately high before falling in the afternoon slowly that became slightly above average in the late afternoon. In the evening, the dew point rose slowly moderately high. Relative humidity was near average from early in the day, fell quickly in the early morning to mid-morning that became generally stable from the mid-morning. Near average relative humidity became moderately high from the middle of the day, eased to slightly above average later in the afternoon and was near average in the evening. Light N winds early in the day became NNE to ENE before calm winds from later in the early hours, and then N to NNE winds in the morning. From the late morning were E to NE winds, ENE to NE from the late afternoon, then N to NE in the early evening before N to NNW winds in the late evening.
  • 19/12/20: Cloudy in the morning and partly cloudy in the afternoon with Cu and Sc clouds. Warm early in the day while the temperature fell slowly, eased to slightly warm in the morning and to near average later in the morning. Variable temperature from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. In the evening, the temperature fell slowly and was slightly warm. Dew point fell very slowly early in the day, rose a little in the morning moderately high, returned to moderately high from the morning as the dew point rose during the morning and afternoon. From later in the afternoon the dew point fell and more slowly in the evening while returning to slightly above average. Relative humidity was near average or slightly above average in the early hours, fell in the morning slightly below average, became generally stable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon becoming moderately high in the middle of the day and eased to slightly above average later in the afternoon. In the evening, the relative humidity was close to average. Light N to NE winds became NNE to E in the early hours with some variable winds that became calm later in the early hours and during the early morning. Light N to NE in the morning became E to NNE later in the morning, E to ESE in the afternoon with some ENE winds and then E to NE later in the afternoon. Early in the evening were ENE to NE winds before N to NW winds later in the evening.
  • 20/12/20: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds in the morning and became cloudy in the afternoon with Cu and Sc clouds. A light shower at 4am. Distant thunder in the evening and a mild thunderstorm with light falls as a thunderstorm passes to the south. Some very brief light showers followed the thunderstorm. Warm early in the day as the temperature fell slowly or was stable. Warm in the morning and after the maximum temperature was reached in the middle of the day the temperature returned to near average in the afternoon. In the evening, the temperature fell slowly and became slightly warm in the early evening and warm later in the evening. Dew point was stable in the early hours moderately high, rose a little in the early morning generally stable during the rest of the morning while rising to slightly above average. In the afternoon, the dew point briefly rose in the early afternoon and became moderately high before falling during the rest of the afternoon and returned to slightly above average from the mid-afternoon. In the evening the dew point rose before stabilising later in the evening and became moderately high. Relative humidity was near average from early, slightly above average in the afternoon, near average in the early evening and slightly above average late in the evening. Light NNW to NE winds with some NW winds in the first 4 hours of the day, then calm before NNW to NE winds in the morning with some E to NE winds later in the morning became E to NE in the afternoon and early evening, then NNE to ENE, followed by variable winds that became calm before N to NE at the end of the day.
  • 21/12/20: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds and cloudy with some Ci/ Cs clouds in the afternoon. Warm from early in the day to the mid-morning as the temperature fell quite slowly in the early hours and rose quite quickly in the morning. The temperature returned to near average from the mid-morning that rose more slowly from the late morning to the maximum temperature in the mid-afternoon. Slightly warm to warm in the evening as the temperature fell a little slowly. Dew point fell slowly in the early hours, rose slowly in the morning before stabilising from the mid-morning moderately high, rose a little later in the morning and then fell in the afternoon before becoming slightly above average later in the afternoon and after falling slightly in the early evening the dew point rose slowly before falling in the late evening remaining slightly above average. Near average relative humidity from early, slightly above average during the day and near average in the evening. Light NNW to NE winds from early in the day, then calm during the rest of the early hours and in the early morning except for some W to SW in the early morning, N to ENE winds in the morning with some ESE to ENE winds later in the morning, SE to NNE in the early afternoon that became E to NE before N to NE winds from the mid-afternoon. Later in the evening were light N to NW winds.
  • 22/12/20: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds and cloudy in the afternoon. Warm early in the day that eased to slightly warm in the morning. Some brief light showers in the mid and late afternoon and some light showers later in the evening. The temperature was variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. Slightly warm during the day before easing to near average from the mid-afternoon as the temperature fell. The temperature fell slowly in the early evening and became slightly warm and became warm later in the evening and as the temperature fell slowly. Dew point was slightly above average from early, fell slowly in the early hours, rose slowly in the morning, and became stable from later in the morning, and then became moderately high in the mid-afternoon as the dew point rose briefly, after which the dew point fell and returned to slightly above average. Later in the evening the dew point rose a little. Relative humidity was near average in the early hours, slightly below average in the early morning and was near average until the mid-afternoon while the relative humidity fell. From the mid-afternoon the relative humidity rose and became moderately high, that then eased to near average from the late afternoon. In the evening, the relative humidity was slightly below average after initially and temporarily falling. Light NNW to NW winds at times in the early hours with calm winds otherwise, and NNE to NW winds in the morning becoming N to NW in the afternoon with some variable winds, then NNE to E in the mid-afternoon that veered from later in the afternoon to WNW to WSW with some W winds in the evening.
  • 23/12/20: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds with increasing Ci clouds in the afternoon. Warm early in the day as the temperature fell slowly or was stable. In the morning as the temperature rose steadily the temperature eased to slightly warm. From the early afternoon the temperature eased further to near average after the maximum temperature was reached. Later in the evening the temperature became slightly warm after the temperature rose slowly in the evening. In the early hours, the dew point fell slowly slightly above average, more slowly in the morning and became near average. Later in the morning the dew point became moderately low after the dew point started to fall from later in the morning to the early afternoon. After a wind change the dew point rose briefly and returned to near average and rose slowly during the rest of the afternoon. Later in the afternoon and early in the evening the dew point fell slowly, became slightly below average and was stable later in the evening. Relative humidity was slightly below average early before becoming moderately low as the relative humidity fell before easing to slightly below average or near average from the mid-afternoon after rising with the wind change. Light W to WSW winds in the early hours, W to SW that became SSW to SW in the early morning before WSW to SSW in the morning, shifted to WNW to SSE in the late morning, WSW to ESE in the early afternoon before an ESE to ENE wind change after which the wind slowly veered to E to SE early in the evening. S to SE winds later in the evening.
  • 24/12/20: Partly cloudy early before the cloud increased from the mid-morning and became cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds. In the mid-morning, the temperature stopped rising temporarily and rose more slowly through to the maximum temperature in the mid-afternoon that became slightly cool in the mid-morning and cool from the late morning. From the late afternoon the temperature returned to near average and then was slightly warm later in the evening as the temperature fell a little slowly in the evening. Dew point was stable in the early hours and was slightly below average that became near average for the rest of the day, rose in the early morning before stabilising in the morning, fell a little early in the afternoon, rose a little in the mid-afternoon before falling slowly later in the afternoon and have been stable in the evening. Relative humidity was moderately low in the early hours before returning to slightly above average or near average during the day and was slightly below average in the evening while the relative humidity rose slowly. Light S to SW winds at the start of the day became calm, then S to SW winds in the early morning backing during the morning to E to SE in the morning, variable winds between N and SE in the afternoon, ESE to ENE from the mid-afternoon and became calm later in the evening.
  • 25/12/20: Partly cloudy and cloudy at times with Cu and Sc clouds. Slightly warm in the early hours as the temperature fell slowly. Variable temperature from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. Slightly cool in the afternoon. Dew point rose slowly and was near average from early, became stable in the morning, rose slowly in the afternoon before falling from later in the afternoon. Relative humidity was slightly below average from early, near average in the morning, became slightly above average in the afternoon as the relative humidity became generally stable, near average later in the afternoon and early in the evening and was slightly below average during the rest of the evening. Calm winds early, then S to SW winds in the morning, followed by NNW to NW winds that became variable in the morning, then ESE to NE from later in the morning, E to NE from the mid-afternoon that became ESE to ENE in the evening before calm winds late in the evening.
  • 26/12/20: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds. Slightly cool in the afternoon after the temperature fell a little following the maximum temperature that was reached in the middle of the day. From the late afternoon the temperature returned to near average. Variable temperature from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. Stable and near average dew point in the early hours, rose early in the morning, generally fell from the mid-morning, and became slightly below average later in the morning and stabilised in the afternoon while returning to near average. In the evening, the dew point fell slowly. Relative humidity was slightly below average from early, became near average from the morning and was slightly below average in the evening. Calm winds early, light S to SW winds followed by S to SE winds in the early morning became SE to NE, ESE to ENE winds from later in the morning, E to NE later in the afternoon, then E to SE during in the evening before calm winds.
  • 27/12/20: Mostly sunny with Cu clouds. Near average temperature over the entire day. The temperature was slightly variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. Dew point was near average that slowly fell in the early hours, rose in the morning generally, became stable in the afternoon that fell very slowly from later in the afternoon before becoming stable in the evening. Relative humidity was near average early that became slightly below average in the morning as the relative humidity fell quickly before becoming stable close to average from the morning. From later in the morning the relative humidity generally rose slowly, became briefly moderately high in the early afternoon before near average relative humidity during the rest of the afternoon, while the relative humidity rose slowly. In the evening, the relative humidity was slightly below average or near average. Calm winds early, then SSE to SW winds in the early morning became E to NE with some N to NE winds. Light E to NE winds late in the morning became ENE to NNE in the afternoon that slowly backed during the afternoon to N to NE in the evening before N to NW winds later in the evening with periods of calm winds.
  • 28/12/20: Mostly sunny with cu clouds and ci clouds in the afternoon. Near average temperature from early in the day, that became slightly warm in the late morning and early afternoon after the temperature rose quickly in the morning. In the afternoon, the temperature returned to near average before becoming slightly above average in the evening. Dew point fell slowly in the early hours, rose, and fell twice in the morning and afternoon close to average, rose slowly in the evening, then became stable before falling slowly later in the evening while remaining close to average. Relative humidity was slightly below average at the start of the day, then was near average later in the early hours, was near average during the day and slightly below average in the evening. Calm winds early before light N to NW winds in the early morning tended to N to NE from the mid-morning, became NNE to E in the early afternoon that tended to ENE to NNE and then NNE to NE from later in the afternoon. In the evening, the wind became N to NW before calm winds later in the evening.
  • 29/12/20: Partly cloudy in the morning becoming cloudy with Cu, Sc and As clouds. A few drops of rain in the late evening. Near average or slightly warm temperature in the early hours, returning to near average from the morning, becoming warm in the evening while the temperature fell slowly. Dew point slowly fell in the early hours close to average, rose from the early morning slightly above average, fell a little from the mid-morning, remained slightly above average that rose slowly in the late morning and early afternoon and became stable during the rest of the afternoon and in the evening. Relative humidity was slightly below average in the early hours and returned to near average in the morning, was slightly above average in the afternoon, moderately high briefly in the mid-afternoon, after the relative humidity stopped falling from the late morning. In the evening, the relative humidity returned to near average. Calm winds early became N to NE with some E to NE winds in the morning, light N to NW winds in the late morning, then E to NE in the afternoon and N to NE from the mid-afternoon.
  • 30/12/20: Cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds. Some drizzle in the early morning, some very brief light showers and periods of drizzle in the morning and occasionally in the afternoon and evening. Warm early in the day as the temperature fell slowly or was stable, returned to near average in the morning and became cool during the morning as the temperature stopped rising in the mid-morning and generally fell during the rest of the morning and in the afternoon. Later in the afternoon the temperature eased to slightly cool to near average in the evening as the temperature fell. Dew point fell slightly in the early hours and became stable in the morning slightly above average, fell very slowly in the afternoon close to average before falling very slowly from the late afternoon. Relative humidity was slightly below average in the early hours that was stable before falling slowly in the morning and returned to near average, was generally stable during the morning and afternoon that became high from the late morning that eased from later in the afternoon to slightly above average during the evening after the relative humidity started to rise from the late afternoon. Light E to NE winds in the early hours with some calm winds, then E to SE winds in the early morning before E to NE winds from the mid-morning became N to NW from the late morning with some N to NNW winds in the afternoon, before backing from later in the afternoon to E to SE winds early in the evening to S to SE later in the evening.
  • 31/12/20: Some light showers in the early hours and early morning. A light shower in the early afternoon. Slightly warm in the early hours, that returned to near average from the morning but was quite variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. In the early afternoon, the temperature was temporarily slightly cool. Slightly warm in the evening. Slightly above average dew point was stable in the early hours, rose in the morning that became stable before falling from later in the morning while returning to near average. In the early evening, the dew point rose a little before falling slowly later in the evening. Relative humidity was near average in the early hours and slightly above average or moderately high relative humidity during the day that was rather variable, which temporarily rose in the early afternoon with the shower. In the evening, the relative humidity was near average or slightly below average. Light S to SW winds in the early hours with some calm winds, that backed during in the morning to E to SE from later in the morning, then veered in the evening to S to SE and then to S to SW in the late evening.
  • The temperature was rather variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon on the 3rd.
  • Increasing cloud became cloudy on the 4th and 5th.
  • Cloudy early on the 6th and in the afternoon along with a S to SE wind change in the evening.
  • Cloudy on the 7th.
  • On the 8th it was cloudy, and the temperature rose slowly in the morning reaching the maximum temperature in the late morning before falling during the rest of day and became very cold in the late morning and was cold in the afternoon. Relative humidity was high from the late morning to the mid-afternoon.
  • Cold in the morning and afternoon and was cloudy during the 9th. The temperature was rather variable from the late morning to the mid-afternoon.
  • Later in the early hours on the 10th the temperature stopped falling and rose before the temperature was variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon that rose rather slowly.
  • Variable temperature in the early hours of the 11th and the maximum temperature was reached in the late morning as the temperature fell a little in the afternoon.
  • On the 13th the temperature rose slowly during the day and was variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon.
  • Mostly sunny on the 14th and the temperature was variable from the mid-morning to the early afternoon.
  • Sunny on the 15th.
  • Mostly sunny early on the 16th becoming cloudy in the afternoon with 2 nearby thunderstorms and a brief heavy shower in the early evening. The temperature rose steadily during the day becoming hot from the late morning. The temperature fell quickly in the afternoon as the cloud increased, which after temporarily rising fell quickly due to the nearby thunderstorm. Later in the afternoon the temperature fell slowly before stabilising in the evening.
  • Cloudy with rainfall in the afternoon of the 18th.
  • Haze in the morning, was cloudy at times and the temperature was variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon of the 20th.
  • Cloudy at times on the 21st with the temperature rising rather slowly during the day and was variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon.
  • Variable temperature from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon of the 22nd that rose and fell many times.
  • Cloudy periods in the afternoon of the 24th with the temperature variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon
  • Cloudy in the morning of the 25th with the temperature rather variable during the morning.
  • Variable temperature from the md-morning to the mid-afternoon on the 26th and 29th.
  • Cloudy periods on the 31st.
  • 1 day of dew – light: 13th.
  • A weak ridge of high pressure extended along the east Queensland coast as the high-pressure system shifted further east in the 2nd to 4th.
  • On the 5th a surface trough shifted eastwards over southern and western parts of the state extending some instability into the region.
  • A surface trough shifted through the southern and south-eastern parts of the state on the 6th, clearing the south-east later in the day. This brought instability and a south-easterly wind change with its passage.
  • Behind the trough on the 7th a high-pressure system over the Great Australian Bight extended a ridge, with moist onshore winds along the east Queensland coast.
  • On the 8th the high pressure system remained slow moving in the Great Australian Bight, moved further east on the 9th and into the Tasman Sea on the 10th. This maintained a ridge along the east Queensland coast and moist onshore winds.
  • On the 11th to 13th the high pressure system in the Tasman Sea extended a ridge along the southern and central Queensland coast and extended moist onshore winds.
  • On the 14th the high pressure ridge remained in place that was started to decay along the southern and central coasts with onshore flow easing.
  • The weak ridge of high pressure remained along the southern and central Queensland coast from a high pressure system near New Zealand on the 15th. A surface trough shifted eastwards across the state extending warm northerly flow across to its east.
  • On the 16th a surface trough shifted eastwards over the state that extended from the northwest to the southeast that cleared the southeast that was followed by a south-easterly wind change. This brought instability with and ahead of the surface trough.
  • The surface trough contracted into the southeast inland on the 17th and remained over northwest and central Queensland which continued to bring instability to the region.
  • On the 18th the surface trough shifted eastwards and into the southeast and some instability. A high-pressure system in the Tasman Sea extended a weak ridge along the east Queensland coast.
  • On the 19th the surface trough shifted slightly westward into the southeast inland while remaining further north. This maintained instability, while a weak ridge remained in place along the southern and central Queensland coasts.
  • The surface trough shifted to shift westwards on the 20th with the southern end of the trough moving into the southern inland as a new high-pressure system moving east over south-eastern Australia extended a ridge along the southern and central coasts. Some instability however remained over the region.
  • On the 21st to 25th the high pressure system moved into the Tasman Sea maintaining a ridge along the east Queensland coast with moist onshore winds.
  • On the 26th and 27th the high pressure system weakened with the high pressure ridge along the east Queensland coast decaying as a result.
  • A new high pressure system moved into the Tasman Sea and extended a firm ridge of high pressure along the east Queensland coast on the 28th.
  • On the 29th to 31st the high pressure system in the Tasman Sea shifted eastwards and extended a ridge along the east Queensland coast with moist onshore winds.
  • 2/1/21: Light showers in the early hours and in the early to mid-morning. A brief light shower in the early evening. Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds. Near average temperature from early, that stopped rising in the mid-morning, which then fell before rising during the rest of the morning becoming slightly cool in the mid-morning and cool later in the morning. In the afternoon, the temperature was slightly cool while rising and returned to near average in the evening. Dew point was near average that rose from early, then fell a little during the morning, became stable from mid-morning but was rather variable, while remaining near average. Relative humidity was near average from early, became moderately high in the morning when the relative humidity stopped falling and rose a little. In the afternoon, the relative humidity eased a little to slightly above average and to near average in the evening. Calm winds early became WSW to SSE during the rest of the early hours with some calm winds, E to SE winds in the morning became NNE to E later in the morning, N to NE in the early afternoon and E to NE from the mid-afternoon. In the evening there were some SE to NE winds, N to NW later in the evening and with some calm winds.
  • 3/1/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds. Slightly warm early in the day with the temperature stable, returned to near average from the morning until the early evening except for slightly cool temperature in the early afternoon as the temperature temporarily fell before rising again and returned to near average. The temperature was rather variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. Close to average dew point over the entire day that was stable in the early hours and in the early morning, that fell a little in the morning, then rose a little in the late morning and early afternoon, rose very slowly in the afternoon and became generally stable from the late afternoon. Relative humidity was near average during much of the early hours, became slightly below average later in the early hours and in the early morning while falling and easing to near average later this morning, became slightly above average in the early to mid-afternoon after the relative humidity generally rose in the afternoon before returning to near average during the rest of the day. Light N to NNW winds at the start of the day was followed by S to SW winds at times in the rest of the early hours with calm winds mostly before light and variable winds in the early morning that tended to N to NE. From the mid-morning the wind was E to NE winds with some ESE and N to NE winds, becoming NNE to ENE from the early afternoon, NNE to NE during the evening with some N winds before some calm winds later in the evening.
  • 4/1/21: Partly cloudy becoming cloudy with Cu, Sc and Ci clouds. A light shower in the early morning and another in the mid-morning. Slightly warm in the early hours while the temperature fell slowly and became stable, then near average in the morning and became slightly cool in the afternoon with the temperature generally stable from the late morning to the mid-afternoon while rising and falling several times. From the late afternoon the temperature was near average. Stable and near average dew point early in the day, rose a little early in the morning, became stable during the rest of the morning and in the afternoon, fell slightly in the early evening before stabilising during the rest of the evening. Relative humidity was slightly below average in the early hours, returned to near average in the early morning before becoming slightly above average or moderately high in the morning and afternoon, that stopped falling in the late morning became generally stable before easing to near average in the evening. Mostly calm winds early in the day, then NW to NE winds in the morning, N to NE winds in the mid-morning became NNE to E and N to NE winds from the late morning. In the afternoon, the wind became E to NE, then N to NE winds in the evening, followed by N to NNW winds before calm winds later in the evening.
  • 5/1/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds increasing in the afternoon with Ac, Ci, As and Cb clouds. A thundery shower and a light shower from a decaying thunderstorm. Slightly warm in the early hours with the temperature generally rising slowly. In the morning, the temperature became warm while the temperature rose quickly, became generally stable while rising a few times from the late morning to the mid-afternoon and eased to slightly warm in the afternoon. From the mid-afternoon the temperature fell quickly and returned to near average, became briefly cool later in the afternoon and was stable and slightly warm in the evening. Dew point was close to average that rose slowly from early, became slightly above average in the afternoon, then became stable from the mid-afternoon while rising and falling slightly during the rest of the afternoon and in the early evening. Relative humidity was near average and stable in the early hours before becoming slightly below average in the morning, became near average from the late morning before increasing in the afternoon and became high in the mid-afternoon. Later in the afternoon the relative humidity rose to moderately high and to near average late in the evening. Calm winds early were followed by N to NW winds, then N to NE that became E to NE in the mid-morning and light and variable winds that became E to ENE later in the morning. Winds became NNW to NE from the mid-afternoon, before calm winds at times with some S to SW winds and W to NW winds at times.
  • 6/1/21: Cloudy early with Cu, Sc and As clouds clearing to partly cloudy day with Cu and Sc clouds before increasing in the afternoon with Ac, Ci and Cb clouds. A light shower followed by thundery rain in the early evening was followed by light rain later in the evening. Slightly warm from early with the temperature rising a little in the early hours, eased to near average in the late afternoon as the temperature fell from the mid-afternoon. The temperature became slightly warm and stable in the early evening, fell with the rain, then fell more slowly later in the evening and became stable and returned to near average. After a brief fall at the start of the day the dew point was stable and near average from early, rose in the morning and became slightly above average, became stable from the mid-morning, fell slowly in the afternoon, and became generally stable early in the evening. The dew point fell a little with the rain and returned to near average before stabilising later in the evening. Relative humidity was near average and slightly below average at times later in the early hours and in the early morning. In the evening, the relative humidity became slightly above average while generally rising from the late afternoon before stabilising later in the evening. Some light S to SW winds in the first few hours of the day before calm winds, then S to WSW in the early morning before gradually backing during the morning to N to NE winds with some N to NE winds from the late morning. The wind veered in the early evening with a S to SE wind change before mostly S to SW winds later in the evening.
  • 7/1/21: Cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds. Light showers in the evening. The temperature was stable or rose slowly in the early hours close to average, became slightly warm later in the early hours before easing to near average in the early morning. Slightly cool in the morning, became cool from the late morning as the temperature stabilised later in the morning and after rising a little in the afternoon the temperature remained cool before easing to slightly cool from the late afternoon. In the evening, the temperature became generally stable after falling later in the afternoon and early in the evening close to average. Near average and stable dew point from early, rose slightly in the morning, fell slowly from the mid-morning, a little more quickly in the afternoon before falling slowly in the evening. Relative humidity was near average early in the day that became slightly below average later in the early hours as the relative humidity fell slowly, became moderately high in the morning easing to slightly above or near average in the afternoon, rose quickly for a brief period in the early evening before easing to near average later in the evening. Light SSE to SW winds in the early hours with some calm winds, SSE to SSW winds from the early morning and early afternoon, SSE to ESE in the mid-afternoon, S to SSE winds from the late afternoon and then S to SE later in the evening.
  • 8/1/21: Cloudy with Cu and Ns clouds. A light shower in the early morning, drizzle, and light rain from the morning, more frequent in the evening. The temperature became slightly warm later in the early hours while the temperature rose slowly while the temperature rose slowly in the early hours. The temperature became slightly cool in the morning to very cold later in the morning as the temperature rose slowly in the morning to the maximum temperature in the late morning. After this the temperature fell slowly, remained cold until the late afternoon before falling more quickly in the evening and eased to cool in the early evening and to slightly cool in the late evening. Dew point fell slowly in the early hours, rose slowly in the morning close to average becoming slightly below average from the mid-morning to the late afternoon, though was briefly near average later in the morning being generally stable in the morning and afternoon. In the evening, the dew point was near average and fell slightly. Relative humidity eased from near average at the start of the day to moderately low in the early morning as the relative humidity fell. During the day, the relative humidity was a little variable but generally rose in the morning and afternoon becoming high from the late morning to the mid-afternoon and slightly above average or moderately high from the late afternoon. Light S to SSW winds at the start of the day became S to SE, S to SW early this morning and S to SE winds in the morning and afternoon, E to SE early in the evening before light S to SSW winds during the rest of the evening.
  • 9/1/21: Cloudy with Cu and Ns clouds. Light showers in the early hours and early morning. Some brief light showers in the late morning and early afternoon and in the late evening. Stable or falling slowly temperature in the early hours and was slightly cool before rising in the morning and became cold until the late afternoon. The temperature was rather variable from the late morning to the mid-afternoon. From the late morning the temperature stopped rising and became generally stable, while rising and falling a few times. While the temperature fell from the late afternoon the temperature steadily shifted closer to average reached near average late in the evening. Dew point fell slowly in the early hours, rose a little in the early morning close to average or slightly below average. From the mid-morning the dew point was mostly slightly below average and also in the afternoon, though was near average at times in the morning. From the mid-morning to the early afternoon the dew point was generally stable, fell a little in the afternoon before becoming stable from the mid-afternoon. At the end of the day the dew point rose a little and returned to near average. Relative humidity was near average early and became moderately high in the morning while falling slowly, which stopped falling later in the morning and became generally stable. In the afternoon, the relative humidity eased to slightly above average and to near average in the evening. In the late evening, the relative humidity became slightly below average after the relative humidity temporarily stopped rising. Light S to SW winds in the early hours and in the early morning. then S to SE winds became SSE to ESE in the mid-morning, E to SE in the afternoon and S to ESE later in the afternoon and early evening. During the rest of the evening were light S to SW winds with calm winds at times.
  • 10/1/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds. Some light showers early in the day and in the early afternoon. The minimum temperature was reached halfway through the early hours and then rose during the rest of the early hours close to average, became cool from the mid-morning as the temperature rose rather slowly and was variable until the mid-afternoon. The temperature was temporarily cool in the early afternoon, remained cool during the rest of the afternoon and eased to slightly cool from the late afternoon. Dew point was generally stable but variable in the early hours, rose a little in the morning and became stable from the morning close to average, rose slowly in the afternoon before falling from the mid-afternoon and became slightly below average. After falling early in the evening, the dew point rose a little and then fell slowly later in the evening while remaining slightly below average. Relative humidity was generally slightly below average in the early hours after falling in the second half of the early hours and returned to near average in the morning. Relative humidity became slightly above average later in the morning and moderately high in the early afternoon after the relative humidity fell slowly in the morning and then rose and fell a few times in the early afternoon. During the rest of the afternoon the relative humidity was stable and eased to slightly above average in the mid-afternoon and to near average in the late afternoon. In the evening, the relative humidity was slightly below average. Light SSW to WSW winds at times in the early hours with calm winds at times, then S to SW winds later in the early hours, SSW to SSE in the early morning that tended to E to SE from the mid-morning, ESE to SE from the mid-afternoon before winds veered in the evening to S to SW winds late in the evening.
  • 11/1/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds and some Ci and Cc clouds in the afternoon. Near average temperature from early, which was rather variable in the early hours. The temperature became slightly cool in the morning while the temperature generally rose, then after reaching the maximum temperature in the late morning the temperature fell a little and became cool in the afternoon and was generally stable until the mid-afternoon. Slightly cool temperature in the late afternoon became near average in the evening. Dew point was stable and slightly below average in the early hours, rose a little in the early morning. Near average dew point in the morning became slightly below average in the late morning while the dew point fell slowly, was generally stable in the afternoon before rising slightly in early evening while remaining close to average. The dew point became stable before falling slightly late in the evening. Relative humidity was slightly below average in the early hours and became moderately low in the morning before easing back to near average from the late morning, which was generally stable from the late morning to the late afternoon before rising in the evening and was mostly slightly below average. Light S to SW winds in the first hour of the day became S to SSW before winds backed during the morning to S to SE and to E to SE later in the morning, E to SE early in the evening before veering during the evening to S to SW before calm winds late in the evening.
  • 12/1/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds. Slightly cool from early in the day, returned to near average and in the morning before becoming slightly cool from the late morning as the temperature became stable from later in the morning. The temperature was temporarily cool in the mid-afternoon while the temperature fell later in the afternoon before returning to near average in the early evening that became slightly cool in the late evening. Dew point was slightly below average that fell slowly in the early hours, became near average in the morning after rising until the mid-morning, then fell slowly from the late morning and became generally stable in the afternoon and was mostly slightly below average. In the early evening, the dew point was stable and near average before falling slowly later in the evening slightly below average. Slightly below average relative humidity early in the day, then became moderately low in the morning, eased to near average later in the morning and in the afternoon. After slightly below average relative humidity in the evening the relative humidity returned to near average during the rest of the evening. Calm winds early became S to SW in the morning, tended SSE to E from the mid-morning, was E to ESE in the afternoon, E to NE from the mid-afternoon and then SE to NE early in the evening before calm winds during the rest of the evening.
  • 13/1/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc and some Ac clouds in the afternoon. Slightly cool early in the day, then easing to near average from later in the early hours while the temperature was stable during the early hours. From the mid-morning the temperature rose more slowly and was variable until the mid-afternoon. In the evening, the temperature fell slowly while remaining close to average. Slightly below average and stable dew point in the early hours, which rose from later in the early hours, then generally fell slowly in the morning and early afternoon slightly below average, rose slowly in the afternoon before easing to near average and became stable in the evening. Near average relative humidity early became slightly below average to moderately low in the morning, easing to slightly below average later in the morning as the relative humidity stopped falling quickly becoming near average or slightly below average from the late morning. In the evening, the relative humidity was slightly below average while rising a little slowly. Calm winds early that became S to SW in the early hours, backing to S to SE in the morning, E to SE from the mid-morning, ESE to ENE in the afternoon, E to SE in the evening with some SSE winds and calm winds at times
  • 14/1/21: Mostly sunny with Cu clouds. Near average or slightly warm that was stable or fell slowly in the early hours before near average temperature from the morning. Variable temperature from the mid-morning to the early afternoon. Near average and stable dew point in the early hours, was generally stable in the morning but was a little variable, rose slowly in the afternoon, fell slightly in the late afternoon before rising a little early in the evening before falling a little during the rest of the evening while remaining close to average. Slightly below average relative humidity in the early hours, then became moderately low in the morning, eased to slightly below average from the mid-morning as the relative humidity fell more slowly during the rest of the morning. Near average relative humidity in the afternoon became slightly below average in the late afternoon and early evening while rising a little slowly. During the rest of the evening the relative humidity was near average. Light S to SW winds with some SSE winds and calm winds at times in the early hours, light S to SW winds in early morning before light NNE to ESE winds in the mid-morning. Variable winds then followed, then ESE to ENE in the late morning, E to NE in the afternoon with some NNE winds before N to NE early in the evening was followed by calm winds.
  • 15/1/21: Sunny with some Cu clouds. Slightly warm in the morning before easing back to near average in the afternoon after the maximum temperature was reached in the early afternoon. Slightly warm in the evening. Dew point fell slowly in the early hours, rose in the early morning that then stabilised, rose slightly in the late morning before becoming stable from the early afternoon and was near average over the entire day. Relative humidity was near average in the early hours, became slightly below average in the morning before easing to near average in the afternoon as the relative humidity became stable from the late morning to the mid-afternoon. In the evening, the relative humidity was near average or slightly below average. Calm winds early, light S to SW winds in the early morning, became S to SE before veering to N to NE from the mid-morning with some E to NE winds. In the afternoon were light NNE to NE winds and NNW to NNE winds in the evening.
  • 16/1/21: Mostly sunny with Cu and Sc clouds, becoming cloudy with Cu, Sc, Ci and Cb clouds in the afternoon. A light shower later in the early hours. A nearby thunderstorm in the mid-afternoon and a light few drops in the late afternoon from another nearby thunderstorm. A moderate to heavy shower in the early evening, with heavy falls of 8 mm in 6 minutes. Slightly warm from early in the day, as the temperature fell slowly in the early hours, rose steadily during the morning and early afternoon, and became warm in the mid-morning and hot from the late morning. As clouds increased in the afternoon the temperature temporarily fell quickly in the afternoon and eased to slightly warm. After falling 4 C, the temperature started to rise again, while remaining below the earlier maximum temperature, before falling quickly in the mid-afternoon under increasing cloud from the nearby storm and became cool. During the rest of the afternoon the temperature was stable and was cool easing to slightly cool in the late afternoon. The temperature fell slowly in the evening close to average. Dew point was stable in the early hours, and rose slightly in the morning close to average, became stable from the late morning, briefly rose in the early afternoon before generally stabilising slightly above average. The dew point fell slightly with the mid-afternoon nearby storm, easing to near average, rose slowly later in the afternoon, became stable in the early evening slightly above average before falling slowly while returning to near average. Relative humidity was slightly below average from early, becoming moderately low in the late morning and early afternoon as the relative humidity fell from the morning. In the early afternoon, the relative humidity rose and returned to near average before stabilising, rising again before, with and following the nearby mid-afternoon storm and became moderately high. In the late afternoon, the relative humidity became high while rising, easing during the evening to near average in the late afternoon as the relative humidity rose slowly in the early evening and fell slowly in the late evening. Light NNW to W winds at times in the early hours and otherwise calm winds, then N to NW winds at times, N to WNW winds in the morning, tending SSW to NW from the late morning before shifting to E to NE in the early afternoon becoming ENE to NE before veering to E to SE with a wind change at 3:15pm. Light E to ESE winds followed, N to NE from the late afternoon, became SSW to WSW with the evening shower, backed to E to SE until the shower ended before SSE to ESE winds and then S to ESE winds during the rest of the evening, with some calm winds.
  • 17/1/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds. Near average temperature at the start of the day became slightly warm with the temperature stable or fell slowly in the early hours. Near average temperature in the morning and near average or slightly cool from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon while the temperature was a little variable. From the late afternoon the temperature was near average before becoming slightly warm in the early evening and to warm in the evening while the temperature stabilised later in the evening. Dew point was near average while falling in the early hours, became stable in the morning, fell from the late morning, became slightly below average in the early afternoon before rising in the afternoon and evening while eased to near average and to slightly above average later in the evening. Relative humidity fell from early in the day reducing from near average early in the day to slightly below average during the rest of the early hours and this morning and eased to near average in the morning. The relative humidity was slightly below average at times in the afternoon and early evening and otherwise near average. Light SE to SW winds in the early hours, mostly calm winds later in the early hours, then S to SE winds in the morning, E to SE in the mid-morning and backed during the morning to E to NE from the late morning. Some E to SE winds in the afternoon, NNE to ENE from the late afternoon and NNW to NE in the evening before mostly calm winds later in the evening.
  • 18/1/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds becoming cloudy in the afternoon. An early afternoon light to moderate shower. Light showers from the late afternoon and was moderate at times with lighter falls later in the evening, with some thunder. Warm early in the day, easing to slightly warm during the rest of the early hours and in the morning while the temperature falling a little slowly in the early hours. Slightly warm temperature became near average from the mid-morning. After the maximum temperature was reached in the early afternoon the temperature generally fell in the afternoon and became cool from the mid-afternoon and was slightly cool or cool later in the afternoon and early evening. After the temperature fell quickly for a brief period in the early evening, the temperature fell slowly and was slightly cool. Dew point fell slowly in the early hours and rose slightly in the morning slightly above average. Dew point slowly rose in the morning and afternoon and stabilised later in the afternoon while remaining slightly above average. In the early evening, the dew point fell sharply by 4 C for a brief period while returning to near average before falling slowly during the rest of the evening. At the start of the day the relative humidity was slightly below average, became near average during the rest of the early hours, was slightly below average in the early morning and became near average in the morning as the relative humidity stabilised from the mid-morning. In the late morning, the relative humidity became slightly above average and to very high in the mid-afternoon before dropping back during the late afternoon and in the evening to slightly above average late in the evening, while the relative humidity rose in the afternoon and early evening. Calm winds early, then light S to SW winds in the early morning, NW to NE winds in the morning, NNE to ENE from the mid-morning with some N winds, shifted to S to SW in the evening before backing during the rest of the evening backing to E to SE at the end of the day.
  • 19/1/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds. Light showers early in the day cleared. Slightly cool at the start of the day became near average while the temperature rose slowly in the early hours. In the morning, the temperature rose slowly and became cool in the mid-morning, before rising more quickly later in the morning while returning to near average. The temperature was a little variable in the afternoon and was near average or slightly warm in the evening which was stable at times or rose slowly. Dew point was near average that rose slowly from early in the day, stabilised in the morning, fell very slowly in the afternoon before rising a little in the mid-afternoon before stabilising in the evening. Relative humidity was stable and near average from early, fell a little slowly in the morning and became moderately high in the mid-morning before easing back to near average from the middle of the day. Near average relative humidity in the afternoon became mostly slightly below average in the evening and was near average at times while falling slightly or stabilising at times. Light and variable winds became WNW to SW in the morning, then S to SW, NNW to SW later in the morning, WSW to S in the early afternoon, followed by S to ESE winds with some variable winds before shifting E to NE in the late afternoon and early evening. With calm winds at times there were S to SE winds during the rest of the evening.
  • 20/1/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds and cloudy at times. Haze in morning. Light few drops in the late morning. Slightly warm from early with the temperature falling a little slowly, before steadily rising in the morning before returning to near average. Variable temperature from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon, while rising and falling several times. Near average temperature in the morning became slightly cool later in the morning and to cool from the late morning. Late in the afternoon and early evening the temperature returned to near average before it stopped falling and became stable late in the evening. Near average dew point over the entire day and was generally stable from early, generally fell slowly from the early afternoon before stabilising in the evening. Relative humidity was slightly above average from early, became moderately low in the morning as the relative humidity fell, eased to near average in the mid-morning and to slightly above average from later in the morning as the relative humidity generally stabilised from the mid-morning to the late morning while rising and falling a few times and then easing to near average in the late afternoon. In the evening, the relative humidity was slightly below average, while rising a little slowly. Light S to SE winds from early, shifted to S to SW later in the early hours and backed gradually in the morning to SSE to ESE from the mid-morning. Light E to ESE winds in the afternoon and early evening before veering in the evening to SSE to SSW late in the evening.
  • 21/1/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds becoming cloudy at times. Stable temperature then fell slowly in the early hours close to average. The temperature rose rather slowly from the mid-morning and stabilised or fell slowly in the afternoon with the temperature variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. Slightly cool in the mid-morning became cool from later in the morning and in the afternoon. As the temperature fell more quickly later in the afternoon the temperature returned to near average in the evening. Dew point was stable in the early hours, rose slightly in the morning, became stable from the mid-morning and was close to average before becoming slightly below average from the late morning as the dew point fell slowly. The dew point became stable from the late morning and was a little variable late in the evening while remaining slightly below average. Relative humidity was slightly below average from early, with the relative humidity rising slowly in the early hours and fell quickly in the early morning. Relative humidity was slightly above average or near average in the morning and afternoon before becoming slightly below average in the evening. Light SSW to SSE winds with some SE winds in the early hours and in the early morning, becoming SSE to E in the mid-morning and SE to ENE later in the morning. In the afternoon were E to SE winds, E to NE from the mid-morning becoming E to SE in the evening with some calm winds before calm winds later in the evening.
  • 22/1/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds and Ci clouds in the afternoon. Slightly cool from early and became near average in the morning and was slightly cool from the late morning and returned to near average from the late afternoon. Variable temperature from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon that rose and fell many times. Slightly below average dew point from early that fell in the early hours, rose in the morning, became generally stable from the mid-morning, rose slightly in the afternoon and becoming stable in the evening. Slightly below average relative humidity temporarily became moderately low for a period in the early morning as the relative humidity fell quickly in the morning. From the mid-morning the relative humidity stopped falling quickly and was slightly below average from the mid-morning except for a brief period of near average relative humidity in the mid-afternoon. Calm winds early became SSW to WSW and then backed to E to NE in the morning, became NNW to NE winds later in the morning with some variable winds, E to NE winds in the afternoon with some N to NE winds, ENE to ENE from the mid-afternoon, N to NE in early evening before calm winds later in the evening.
  • 23/1/21: Partly cloudy with Cu, Sc and Ci clouds. Near average temperature during the entire day. The temperature was a little variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. Dew point was generally stable in the early hours slightly below average, then rose a little in the early to mid-morning before falling slowly in the morning. In the afternoon, the dew point became slightly below average while generally falling slowly, rose slightly in the late afternoon while easing to near average before stable and near average dew point in the evening. Relative humidity was slightly below average from early and was briefly moderately low in the early morning. Relative humidity was slightly below average in the morning and afternoon that stopped falling quickly from the mid-morning and fell slowly through to the mid-afternoon. In the evening, the relative humidity was near average or slightly below average. Calm winds early before light SE to SW winds in the morning, ESE to NE from the mid-morning becoming NNE to E. Light ESE to ENE winds from the mid-afternoon, ENE to NE in the late afternoon and early evening before mostly calm winds during the rest of the evening.
  • 24/1/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds and cloudy periods in the afternoon. A brief light shower in the late afternoon. Slightly cool in the early hours and at times in the early morning. Near average temperature from the morning with the temperature variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. In the mid to late afternoon the temperature became slightly cool as the temperature fell quickly in the mid-afternoon and again in the late afternoon. In the evening, the temperature returned to near average. Dew point fell in the early hours slightly below average, rose in the morning and eased to near average before falling a little later in the morning though was variable while easing to slightly below average. In the early afternoon, the dew point was stable before briefly falling sharply that then rose in the mid-afternoon while returning to near average. Later in the afternoon the dew point slowly rose before stabilising in the evening. Slightly below average relative humidity from early in the day until the mid-afternoon that fell quickly in the morning and stabilised in the late morning and early afternoon. The relative humidity rose in the afternoon and became slightly above average from the mid-afternoon before easing to near average in the evening. Calm winds early, light S to SW winds in the early morning, ESE to NE winds from the mid-morning, E to NE in the afternoon, N to NE early in the evening before light NNW to W winds followed by mostly calm winds later in the evening.
  • 25/1/21: Cloudy in the morning and partly cloudy from the late morning with Cu and Sc clouds. Light showers in the early hours and in the morning. Mostly stable temperature in the early hours that was near average, became slightly warm later in the early hours before easing to near average in the morning. The temperature became slightly cool in the morning as the temperature was rather variable in the morning, that rose and fell several times while generally rising. In the late morning, the temperature became cool, was slightly cool in the afternoon that was rather variable before near average temperature from the late afternoon. Dew point was stable that rose slightly in the early hours, rose slightly in the early morning before becoming rising slowly in the morning close to average. In the afternoon and evening the dew point fell slowly but was stable in the early evening. Relative humidity rose slowly in the early hours close to average, then fell slowly in the morning and became moderately high, while falling very little in the morning. In the late morning, the relative humidity temporarily rose and fell before falling in the afternoon while easing to near average. In the evening, the relative humidity was near average and slightly below average in the early evening. Calm winds early with some light and variable winds at times in the early hours, light NNW to WNW winds in the morning with some W to NW winds and E to NE winds, N to ENE in the afternoon, NNE to NE from the late afternoon before becoming NW to NNE early in the evening that was followed by calm winds.
  • 26/1/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds. Slightly cool in the early hours and near average from the morning. The temperature was variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. Dew point fell slowly in the early hours from near average to slightly below average, rose in the early morning while returning to near average. In the morning, the dew point was stable, fell in the late morning, became slightly below average in the early afternoon while slowly rising in the afternoon close to average. In the evening, the dew point was near average and generally stable. Relative humidity was near average while rising slowly in the early hours before becoming slightly below average in the morning and afternoon before returning to near average from the late afternoon. Calm winds early, then SE to NE early in the morning with some variable winds before NNW to ENE winds later in the morning with some NNW to NNE winds, E to NE in the early afternoon, then ENE to NNE in the mid-afternoon before E to NE later in the afternoon. In the evening, the wind was ENE to NE and then NNW to NNE before calm winds later in the evening.
  • 27/1/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds. A brief light shower in the late evening. Near average temperature from early becoming slightly warm in the mid-morning before easing to near average during the rest of the daytime as the temperature rose more slowly during the remainder of the morning and in the afternoon. In the evening, the temperature fell a little slowly and became slightly warm. Near average dew point from early that fell in the early hours, rose in the morning, rose more slowly from the mid-morning becoming slightly above average from the late morning, was stable in the afternoon, fell slightly in the late afternoon before generally stabilising in the evening while remaining slightly above average. Relative humidity was near average that rose slowly in the early hours, fell in the morning becoming slightly below average before easing to near average from the mid-morning. Calm winds early before light S to SW winds became SW to ESE, E to NE with some WNW to NW winds later in the morning, NNE to ENE in the afternoon with some E winds, E to NE in the early evening that became SE to NE before calm winds later in the evening with some calm winds.
  • 28/1/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds. Light showers in the early to mid-morning. Slightly warm in the early hours with the temperature stopped falling during the early hours and became generally stable during the rest of the early hours, was stable in the morning and afternoon but was variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. In the mid-afternoon the temperature eased to slightly cool before near average temperature during the rest of the afternoon that was followed by slightly warm temperature in the evening while the temperature fell a little slowly and stabilised later in the evening. Dew point fell slowly in the early hours and generally rose slowly in the morning slightly below average, then near average from the morning that fell slowly, rose in the afternoon before stable dew point in the late afternoon and early evening close to average. During the rest of the evening the dew point rose slowly close to average. Relative humidity was near average at the start of the day that became slightly below average before easing to near average in the morning, became slightly below average in the early hours, easing to near average during the rest of the afternoon. In the evening, the relative humidity was slightly below average while rising a little slowly. Mostly calm winds early with some E to SE winds, S to SW in the early morning that backed during the morning to E to ESE from the mid-morning, E to SE in the early afternoon, E to ESE from the mid-afternoon and E to SE in the evening.
  • 29/1/21: A light shower in the early hours and a light few drops in the late afternoon. Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds. Warm early in the day before easing to slightly warm later in the early hours and in the early morning as the temperature fell slowly in the early hours before easing to near average from the morning. In the mid-afternoon it was slightly cool after the maximum temperature was reached in the early afternoon and fell during the rest of the afternoon. Variable temperature from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. Near average temperature from the late afternoon and became slightly warm late in the evening after stable temperature in the mid evening. Dew point was near average over the entire day that was stable from early in the day, generally fell slowly in the morning, generally stable in the afternoon, rose slightly in the early evening before becoming stable later in the evening. Relative humidity was slightly below average from early, became briefly moderately low in the early morning was near average in the morning and afternoon before becoming slightly below average from the late afternoon. Light E to SE winds from the start of the day before S to SE winds later in the early hours with some calm winds, then E to SE winds in the morning becoming E to ENE from later in the morning and ESE to ENE winds in the late afternoon. In the evening, the wind veered to S to SE in the late evening.
  • 30/1/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds with Ac clouds in the afternoon. A brief light shower in the early hours. It was slightly warm at the start of the day and eased to near average from later in the early hours until it became slightly warm in the evening as the temperature fell slowly in the evening. The temperature was a little variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. Stable and near average dew point early in the day, rose in the morning, fell slightly from the mid-morning, rose a little in the afternoon and became stable later in the afternoon and early in the evening before rising slowly in the evening while remaining close to average. Relative humidity was slightly below average that eased to near average in the afternoon after the relative humidity stopped falling in the late morning and rose slowly in the afternoon. In the evening, the relative humidity was slightly below average. Some light S to SW winds early in the day with calm winds generally in the early hours, then S to SW winds in the early morning, backed to ENE to ESE from the mid-morning and became E to NE from the middle of the day. In the evening, the wind became calm with some light and variable winds at times.
  • 31/1/21: Cloudy periods with Cu, Sc and Ac clouds. A light shower at the start of the day before light showers in the early hours and early morning and a light to moderate brief shower later in the morning. Slightly warm early in the day as the temperature stopped falling from 3am before easing to near average in the morning. The temperature was a little variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon and rose more slowly later in the morning becoming slightly cool and became generally stable in the afternoon. In the late afternoon and early evening, the temperature eased to near average as the temperature fell before becoming slightly warm later in the evening as the temperature fell more slowly later in the evening. The dew point rose early close to average, became generally stable in the morning slightly above average before falling slowly from later in the morning while easing to near average. Near average relative humidity from early before becoming slightly above average in the mid-morning and moderately high later in the morning as the relative humidity fell slowly in the morning. Relative humidity eased to slightly above average in the afternoon after the relative humidity became generally stable in the afternoon before easing to near average in the evening. Calm winds early became SSE to SW in early morning, NE to SE from mid-morning with some variable winds in the mid-morning before E to NE later in the morning and in the afternoon. Light E to SE winds in the evening with some SSW to SSE winds.
  • The temperature was rather variable that rose and fell from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon of the 1st.
  • On the 2nd it was cloudy, and the temperature rose slowly in the morning and afternoon that became cold from the late morning until the late afternoon. Mostly calm winds during the afternoon.
  • Variable temperature from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon of the 6th.
  • On the 8th the maximum temperature was reached in the late morning and the temperature became variable and generally fell before stabilising in the afternoon.
  • Later in the morning on the 9th the temperature rose slowly before falling from the early afternoon.
  • Cloudy at times on the 10th, with the temperature stop rising from the mid-morning and generally fell during the rest of the morning and was variable while rising slowly in the afternoon.
  • The temperature was rather variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon of the 11th.
  • The temperature was rather variable that rose and fell numerous times from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon of the 12th.
  • On the 13th it became cloudy from the late afternoon with the temperature falling slowly in the evening.
  • Mostly cloudy on the 14th after early rain cleared and was warm early in the day. The temperature rose a little slowly in the morning.
  • Mostly cloudy on the 16th after the minimum temperature was reached at the start of the day, and then rose during the early hours before falling a little later in the early hours. The temperature was variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon and especially in the afternoon when the temperature rose and fell numerous times.
  • The 17th saw cloudy periods and rainfall with the temperature cooling during the day and was cold in the mid to late afternoon. The temperature was very variable that rose and fell numerous times from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon.
  • Mostly cloudy on the 18th becoming partly cloudy at times in the afternoon, with further rainfall. The temperature generally rose rather slowly in the morning and afternoon and was rather variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. Relative humidity was elevated from the mid-morning before easing later in the afternoon.
  • On the 19th it was cloudy with rainfall. The temperature rose a little slowly in the morning and afternoon and was a little variable before falling quickly and became cold in the mid afternoon with a moderate to heavy shower. Elevated relative humidity in the morning and afternoon became very high in the mid afternoon after the relative humidity was high and stable during the day before rising in the mid afternoon before easing while rising during the rest of the day.
  • Mostly cloudy on the 20th
  • Sunny and a warm to hot day on the 22nd, with the maximum temperature reached in the early afternoon but remained warm during much of the afternoon.
  • Mostly sunny and partly cloudy at times on the 23rd before increasing clouds later in the afternoon ahead of an evening thunderstorm. The maximum temperature was reached in the early afternoon and became stable during the afternoon before falling quickly with the thunderstorm that fell 5 ºC in 25 minutes.
  • Cloudy at times in afternoon of the 24th. The temperature was variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon.
  • Cloudy at times on the 25th, with the temperature rather variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. High to very high relative humidity in the late morning and early afternoon while the relative humidity was stable and rose slowly during the morning and afternoon.
  • Cloudy in afternoon of the 27th.
  • 0 day of dew.
  • On the 1st to 3rd a high pressure system near New Zealand extended a ridge along the east Queensland coast that extended moist onshore winds.
  • On the 4th and 5th, the high pressure system remained slow moving and extended a weakening ridge along the southern and central Queensland coasts.
  • The high pressure weakened further as a trough shifted eastwards across the state and extended an air mass ahead of the trough on the 6th.
  • On the 7th the surface trough shifted across to eastern Queensland reaching the south-east late in the day and brought some instability with its passage. The ridge along the southern and central coasts decayed further.
  • Another trough extended from northwest to southeast of the state on the 8th with some instability in the region and cool air, whilst a high pressure system extended a new ridge of high pressure and onshore flow on the southern and central coasts.
  • On the 9th a high pressure system in the Great Australia Bight extended a strengthening ridge along the east Queensland coast that brought cooler conditions over the region and the surface trough contract further inland over the central and southern interior.
  • The high pressure ridge was maintained along the east Queensland coast on the 10th as the high pressure system shifted further east into the Tasman Sea.
  • On the 11th and 12th the high pressure system shifted slowly eastwards across the Tasman Sea and maintained the ridge along the east Queensland coast.
  • The high pressure system shifted further east to New Zealand on the 13th with the ridge contracting off the east Queensland coast. This was as a surface trough shifted eastwards to extend from the northwest to the southern inland of the state and extended a warm air mass ahead of the trough across to the east coast.
  • On the 14th the surface trough extended from the northwest to the south-east, with the southern end of the trough shifted northwards along the southern Queensland coast. This was as a high pressure system in the Great Australian Bight extended a firm ridge in its wake. The passage of the trough brought unstable conditions with some thunderstorms.
  • To the south of the surface trough shifting northwards over central and northern Queensland on the 15th was a ridge of the high pressure as a high pressure system shifted eastwards and into the Tasman Sea.
  • On the 16th the high pressure system shifted further east across the Tasman Sea and extended a firm ridge and moist onshore flow along the Queensland east coast.
  • On the 17th the high pressure system shifted further east across the Tasman Sea maintaining a firm ridge of high pressure and moist and unstable onshore flow along the east Queensland coast.
  • On the 18th the high pressure ridge contracted towards the southern Queensland coast and remained in place through to the 20th and maintained moist and unstable onshore flow.
  • On the 19th and 20th a surface trough lied off the southern Queensland coast aiding in the instability.
  • On the 21st a deep low pressure system lied off the northern New South Wales from a surface trough extending off the east Queensland coast. This extended a dry south-westerly flow over the southeast, though there was some instability in the region.
  • On the 22nd a deep low pressure remained off the northern New South Wales coast extending dry south-westerly flow while shifting a little further east that extended to a surface trough that extended off the southern Queensland coast and in the Tasman Sea while moving away. A surface trough shifted eastwards over the inland extended some instability into the region in the evening.
  • Instability on the 23rd in the region as a surface trough shifted eastwards over the central and south-eastern parts of the state.
  • On the 24th a high pressure that moved into the Tasman Sea extended a ridge along the east Queensland coast and extended moist onshore flow along the east Queensland coast and some instability along the east Queensland coast. A surface trough also extended from the northwest to the southern inland.
  • On the 25th and 26th the inland surface trough remained slow moving extending a moist and unstable air mass across to the east coast, as a firm ridge of high pressure remains in place from a high pressure system shifting east over the Tasman Sea.
  • On the 27th and 28th the ridge of high pressure persisted along the east Queensland coast as the high pressure system shifted further east with onshore flow along the east Queensland coast.
  • 1/2/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds and was cloudy at times. Light showers in the early hours and in the last few minutes of the day. Slightly warm temperature early in the day that fell more slowly later in the early hours before easing to near average in the morning becoming slightly cool in the mid-afternoon. The temperature was rather variable rising and falling numerous times from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. From the late afternoon the temperature eased to near average before becoming slightly warm later in the evening with the temperature falling slowly. Stable dew point early in the day, rose slightly in the morning, fell slowly in the morning and afternoon before rising in the evening close to average. Relative humidity was slightly below average from early in the day, was temporarily close to average in the mid to late early hours, was near average from the morning and became slightly below average in the evening while rising slowly in the evening. At the very end of the day the relative humidity started to rise sharply. Light S to SW winds with some S to SE winds with periods of calm winds in the early hours, S to SSW early in the morning before backing to ESE to SE in the morning before E to ESE winds from the late morning with some S to SE winds, ESE to ENE winds in the afternoon, ESE to E later in the afternoon that became E to SE early in the evening. S to SE winds later in the evening with some S to SW winds and E to SE winds.
  • 2/2/21: Cloudy with Cu and Ns clouds. Light showers in the early hours and in the morning with light to moderate falls developing in the morning until the mid-morning with very brief heavy falls. Frequent light showers followed until the mid-afternoon. Near average temperature fell sharply for a brief period at the start of the day that then rose slowly during the rest of the early hours and in the morning and became slightly cool. The temperature cooled further during the morning and became cold from the late morning to the late afternoon as the temperature rose slowly in the morning and the afternoon. From later in the afternoon the temperature fell slowly before becoming stable later in the evening while easing to near average during the evening. Dew point rose from early in the day, slowly in the morning, rose more slowly in the afternoon close to average before becoming slightly above average in the early evening before falling slowly in the evening close to average. Relative humidity was close to average that rose slowly in the early hours and in the early morning after briefly rising sharply at the start of the day before becoming very high in the mid-morning as the relative humidity was stable from early in the day. The relative humidity eased during the evening to slightly above average while remaining at the same level. Light S to SW winds from early before tending W to NW in the morning. Calm winds during the morning and at times there were some S to SW winds and E to SE winds in the late morning. In the afternoon were calm winds with light and variable occasionally before mostly calm winds in the evening.
  • 3/2/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds and increased at times. A brief light shower at midday. Near average temperature from early before becoming slightly cool to cool in the late morning and the middle of the day as the temperature rose more slowly later in the morning and fell in the middle of the day. In the afternoon, the temperature rose while easing to near average before becoming slightly cool later in the evening. Dew point was near average that fell in the early hours, rose in the early morning, fell from the mid-morning close to average becoming moderately low in the afternoon. From the late afternoon the dew point rose and became near average and became stable before falling slowly later in the evening. Relative humidity was stable and near average from early, became slightly above average in the middle of the day as the relative humidity spiked briefly before falling in the afternoon while easing to slightly below average and became near average later in the evening. Mostly calm winds early except for some S to SW winds at the start of the day, then SSE to ESE winds from the mid-morning, SSE to E in the late morning and early afternoon before ESE to E winds in the afternoon and early evening. During the rest of the evening the wind was calm.
  • 4/2/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds. Slightly cool early in the day and became near average from the morning. Dew point was near average that fell slowly from early, rose in the morning, became stable from the morning, rose slightly in the late afternoon, became stable in the early evening, and fell later in the evening. Relative humidity was near average early, became slightly below average in the morning and eased back to near average from the mid-morning. Calm winds early before light S to SW winds in the early morning backed during the morning to E to NE from the late morning with some ESE winds in the mid-afternoon becoming calm later in the evening.
  • 5/2/21: Partly cloudy with Cu, Sc and Ci clouds. Near average temperature from early in the day and was slightly cool in the mid-afternoon. The temperature was a little variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. Dew point was near average that fell a little slowly in the early hours, rose in the morning, fell slowly from the mid-morning, rose slowly from late morning, fell slowly in the late afternoon and then became stable in the early evening before falling a little later in the evening. Relative humidity was near average that became slightly below average in the morning that eased to near average in the mid-morning. Relative humidity became slightly above average in the mid-afternoon before easing back to near average from the late afternoon and was slightly above average in the early evening. Calm winds early, light S to SW winds in the morning backed to E to NE later in the morning and in early afternoon, ENE to NNE from the mid-afternoon before ENE to ESE in the early evening that was followed by calm winds.
  • 6/2/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds with some Ci clouds. Near average temperature during most of the day and was slightly warm at times in the early to mid-afternoon and was slightly warm later in the evening while the temperature fell more slowly. Variable temperature from the mid-morning to mid-afternoon. Dew point was stable in the early hours, rose in the morning and became generally stable from the mid-morning close to average. Near average relative humidity early in the day, became slightly below average in the morning and eased back to near average from the mid-morning but was slightly below average in the early afternoon. In the late evening, the relative humidity became slightly below average as the rise in the relative humidity eased. Calm winds early, light S to SW winds in the early morning that backed during the morning to ESE to NE in the mid-morning before becoming NNW to NE. From the late morning the wind became NE to SE with some E to SE winds in the early afternoon, tending NNE to ENE from the mid-afternoon and during the evening with mostly calm winds later in the evening with some N to NW winds.
  • 7/2/21: Partly cloudy with Cu, Sc , Ac and Ci clouds. A light few drops in the mid-afternoon. Slightly warm from early, became warm later in the morning as the temperature steadily rose quite quickly in the morning before easing to slightly warm in the afternoon after the maximum temperature was reached. The temperature was a little variable while generally falling, became warm from the late afternoon and became stable later in the evening. Dew point was near average from early that fell slightly in the early hours, then rose slightly in the early morning before rising in the morning and became slightly above average in the late morning while rising slowly. In the early afternoon, the dew point became stable, rose slightly in the mid-afternoon before stabilising from the late afternoon that became moderately high in the late evening. Slightly below average relative humidity early in the day eased to near average from the mid-morning and was slightly below average in the late morning. After the relative humidity stopped falling the relative humidity became near average from the early afternoon. Calm winds early, light and variable winds in the morning becoming WSW to SSE in the middle of the day and in the early afternoon and backed to NNE to ENE from the mid-afternoon with some N to E winds before calm winds later in the evening with some variable winds at times.
  • 8/2/20: A light shower in the early hours. Partly cloudy with Cu, Sc and Ci clouds. Warm early in the day with the temperature stable or falling slowly easing to near average in the morning. After the maximum temperature was reached in the late morning the temperature became variable and generally fell before becoming generally stable in the afternoon and became slightly cool. From the late afternoon the temperature eased to near average before falling a little slowly later in the evening and became slightly warm. Stable dew point early in the day moderately high, fell during the rest of the early hours while easing to near average, rose in the early morning, became stable from the mid-morning and fell slowly from the late morning close to average. Stable and slightly below average relative humidity early in the day, fell later in the early hours and fell slowly in the morning moderately high before easing to slightly below average and to near average from the mid-morning as the relative humidity stopped falling in the mid-morning. Afterwards the relative humidity generally rose becoming slightly above average in the early to mid-afternoon and to near average later in the afternoon. In the evening, the relative humidity was slightly below average becoming moderately low later in the evening while the relative humidity rose slowly. Calm winds early became E to SE with some S to SE winds from 2am, becoming S to SE from later in the early hours and in the early morning. Afterwards there were some S to SW winds before SSE to ESE winds in the morning and E to SE in the afternoon and early evening.
  • 9/2/20: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds. Slightly warm early in the day eased to near average in the morning and became slightly cool in the afternoon as the temperature rose more slowly later in the morning and fell from the early afternoon. In the evening, the temperature eased to near average while falling steadily. In the early hours, the dew point fell slowly, stabilised in the morning close to average and became slightly below average during the morning and early afternoon while falling and then rose slightly in the mid-afternoon before stabilising during the rest of the afternoon. In the evening, the dew point fell slowly or was stable. Moderately low relative humidity from early rose rather slowly and eased during the day to slightly below average from the mid-morning to near average in the mid to late afternoon. In the evening, the relative humidity was moderately low while rising a little slowly. Light S to SE winds with some ESE winds in the early hours and early morning that became calm before SSW to SSE winds tended S to SE in the morning and early afternoon with some ESE winds. From the mid-afternoon were E to SE winds before veering in the evening to S to SSW winds in the late evening.
  • 10/2/20: Partly cloudy and cloudy at times with Cu and Sc clouds. A very brief light shower in the early evening. Near average temperature from early became cool later in the morning as the temperature stopped rising in the mid-morning and generally fell during the rest of the morning. The temperature was slightly cool or cool that generally rose slowly and was variable. In the evening, the temperature returned to near average. Dew point fell slowly in the early hours that was slightly below average and briefly moderately low in the early morning before rising slowly in the morning and was slightly below average. In the early afternoon, the dew point fell slightly that was moderately low before generally rising in the afternoon while remaining slightly below average before near stable and near average dew point in the evening. Relative humidity was slightly below average that rose a little slowly in the early hours before becoming moderately low in the early morning and eased to near average from the late morning after the relative humidity rose from the mid-morning. In the afternoon, the relative humidity fell and became slightly below average before easing to near average from the mid-afternoon. The relative humidity rose more slowly later in the evening and became slightly below average. Light S to SW winds from early with some calm winds in the early hours and early morning. Light S to SE winds in the morning with some S to SSW winds, SSE to ESE in the early afternoon that became ESE to ENE in the mid-afternoon, E to ESE from the late afternoon before backing later in the evening to SSE to SW with some calm winds.
  • 11/2/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds. Near average temperature from early becoming slightly cool from the morning that was rather variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. In the evening, the temperature was near average. Dew point was slightly below average from early that was briefly near average in the early morning that fell in the early hours before rising in the morning. From the mid-morning the dew point became stable, rose in the late morning and early afternoon, and became generally stable in the afternoon close to average. In the evening, the dew point became stable and near average in the evening after falling a little in the late afternoon. Slightly below average relative humidity early in the day that became moderately low in the early morning, became near average from the morning, was slightly below average in the evening and moderately low in the late evening. Light SSE to SW winds at the start of the day that became calm during the rest of the early hours and in the early morning, light SSE to SW winds tended WSW to SSW from the mid-morning, then backed to NE to ESE from the late morning, E to NE from the mid-afternoon before calm winds later in the evening.
  • 12/2/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds. Slightly warm in the early morning and was otherwise near average. The temperature was rather variable that rose and fell numerous times from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. Near average dew point from early in the day, rose slightly in the morning, a little more quickly in the afternoon, fell from the mid-afternoon before stabilising in the evening. Relative humidity rose a little slowly in the early hours, fell steadily in the morning slightly below average or moderately low, eased to near average from the mid-afternoon before easing to slightly below average in the evening while rising a little slowly. Calm winds from early before WSW to NNW winds in the morning, became N to NW with some W to NW winds in the morning backed to E to NE later in the morning with some E to SE winds in the early afternoon, N to NE from the mid-afternoon, becoming N to NW winds later in the evening with calm winds at times.
  • 13/2/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds becoming cloudy in the late afternoon. Drizzle later in the evening. Near average temperature became slightly warm later in the morning eased back to near average from the mid-afternoon after the temperature started to fall before falling more slowly in the evening and became warm in the evening. Dew point was near average that fell slowly in the early hours, rose in the morning and afternoon, dropped slightly in the mid-afternoon before becoming stable afterwards. In the late evening, the dew point rose slightly and became slightly above average. Relative humidity was slightly below average that steadily rose in the early hours and steadily fell in the morning and afternoon and eased to near average from the early afternoon. In the evening, the relative humidity was slightly below average before easing to near average in the late evening. Light W to NW winds at the start of the day became calm during the rest of the early hours, light N to NW winds becoming NW to NE from the morning with some variable winds that became E to NE in the afternoon, N to NE from the mid-afternoon and N to NW winds in the evening that was followed by W to NW winds and then calm winds later in the evening.
  • 14/2/21: Mostly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds. Light rain and showers early in the day cleared in the early morning. Warm in the early hours that fell slowly before falling a little more quickly in the early morning while easing to near average. Slightly cool temperature in the morning while the temperature rose a little slowly before near average temperature from the late morning and was a little variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. Dew point rose slowly from early in the day slightly above average, fell a little in the early morning close to average before rising during the morning slightly above average. From the late morning the dew point eased to near average as the dew point fell from later in the morning and stabilised in the evening close to average. Mostly near average relative humidity early in the day became moderately high in the morning that rose slowly from early in the day before easing to slightly above average from the late morning. In the late afternoon, the relative humidity became near average before slightly below average relative humidity in the evening while rising a little slowly. Calm winds before S to SW winds in the morning with some calm winds and W to SW winds, becoming S to SE from the early afternoon with some E to SE winds that became S to SSW late in the evening.
  • 15/2/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc Clouds. Near average temperature from early that was stable and then rose slightly early in the day and then fell steadily during the rest of the early hours. In the afternoon, the temperature was near average or slightly cool after the maximum temperature was reached in the early afternoon. After temporarily falling the temperature rose in the mid-afternoon rising close to the earlier maximum temperature before falling during the rest of the afternoon. In the evening, the temperature was near average. Stable and slowly rising dew point from early in the day, fell slightly in the late morning slightly below average, rose slightly in the afternoon near average before generally falling slowly from the mid-afternoon. Slightly below average relative humidity became moderately low later in the early hours and in the morning as the relative humidity rose slowly in the early hours. In the morning, the relative humidity eased to near average from later in the morning, was a little variable while rising in the afternoon and was near average or slightly below average in the evening while rising slowly. Light SSW to SSE winds from early became E to SSE from the morning, E to SE from the mid-morning, ENE to ESE in the afternoon and the early evening before calm winds later in the evening.
  • 16/2/21: Mostly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds. Very brief light showers in the late morning, early afternoon, and evening, with a brief moderate to heavy shower in the late afternoon. Near average temperature from early that rose in the first half of the early hours before falling a little later in the early hours, while remaining above the minimum temperature reached very early in the day. In the afternoon, the temperature became slightly cool and cool in the late afternoon with variable temperature from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon and particularly in the afternoon that rose and fell numerous times. In the evening, the temperature was near average that was stable or fell slowly. Stable dew point from early after falling slightly at the start of the day slightly below average, eased to near average while rising slowly in the morning, generally rose in the afternoon before falling slightly early in the evening while remaining close to average. The dew point then stabilised before falling later in the evening close to average. Slightly below average relative humidity early in the day that became moderately low from later in the early hours, easing during the morning to near average later in the morning and to slightly above average in the afternoon before moderately high relative humidity later in the afternoon. In the afternoon, the relative humidity was variable while generally rising before stable or slowly rising relative humidity close to average. Calm winds at the start of the day were followed by mostly SSW to SSE winds before light and variable winds with calm winds at times in the early morning. In the morning winds became SSW to ESE, ENE to SE later in the morning, E to WSW in the afternoon with some SE to NE winds before S to ESE in the late afternoon and early evening. During the rest of the evening were S to SW winds.
  • 17/2/21: Cloudy periods with Cu and Sc clouds. Some very light showers very early in the day, then light and brief showers from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon, with a brief gusty heavy shower in the mid-afternoon. Near average temperature from early before cooling to slightly cool later in the morning, to cool in the early afternoon and to cold in the mid to late afternoon. The temperature was very variable that rose and fell numerous times from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. In the evening, the temperature eased to near average. Near average dew point fell in the early hours, rose in the morning, and became variable from the mid-morning while broadly stabilising. In the afternoon, the dew point rose a little, then fell slowly from the late afternoon becoming slightly below average in the evening and became stable later in the early hours. Slightly below average relative humidity from early became moderately low in the morning before easing to near average in the mid-morning. From the mid-morning the relative humidity stopped falling and became very variable that rose and fell constantly until the late afternoon being slightly above average in the mid and late afternoon. In the early evening, the relative humidity eased to near average and during slightly below average later in the evening while rising slowly. Light SSW to SSE winds early, SSW to SSE in the morning with some SW to SE winds becoming SSE to ESE later in the morning, veered during the afternoon to S to SE in the late afternoon and early evening to S to SSW winds later in the evening.
  • 18/2/21: Mostly cloudy with Cu and Ns and became partly cloudy at times in the afternoon. Light to moderate showers from the morning with some heavy falls in the afternoon and was less frequent in the afternoon with some light showers later in the evening. Near average temperature from early in the day that became cool in the morning, cold from the late morning and eased later in the afternoon to near average in the evening. The temperature was stable or rose slowly in the early hours before generally rising a little slowly in the morning and became variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. In the early afternoon, the temperature temporarily rose quickly and then more slowly until the mid-afternoon. After falling sharply for a brief period, the temperature fell steadily from the late afternoon. Slightly below average dew point at the start of the day eased to near average with stable or slowly rising dew point early, rose in the morning, was rather variable in the afternoon that was generally stable before becoming stable in the evening. Slightly below average relative humidity from early became slightly above average in the morning and very high from the mid-morning with relative humidity remaining elevated during the day. From the mid-afternoon the relative humidity eased that returned to near average in the late evening. Light S to SSW winds, became S to SW in the morning with some SSE winds, became variable in the late morning, tended to E to SE in the afternoon before veering from the late afternoon to S to SE in the evening and S to SW later in the evening.
  • 19/2/21: Cloudy periods with Cu and Sc clouds. Light showers in the early hours and in the morning, clearing in the mid-morning. A moderate to heavy shower in the mid-afternoon with distant thunder as the shower shifted further inland. Near average temperature from early that fell slowly, eased to slightly cool from the morning while rising a little slowly and was a little variable. In the mid-afternoon the temperature fell quickly and became cold, before rising slowly that eased to near average in the evening. Stable dew point in the early hours that rose in the morning close to average, became slightly above average from the mid-morning while rising, became stable from the late morning, was nearly stable in the afternoon before falling slowly in the evening while remaining slightly above average. Near average relative humidity from early, became moderately high or high in the morning with stable relative humidity falling slowly from the morning and became very high in the mid-afternoon as the relative humidity rose. From later in the afternoon the relative humidity rose slowly that eased to slightly above average in the late evening. Light S to SW winds from early with some S to SE winds later in the early hours before SSW to SSE winds in the morning, SSW to SE from the late morning, SSE to E winds in the mid-afternoon, SSE to ENE later in the afternoon with some calm winds before calm winds with some SSW to SE winds in the evening.
  • 20/2/21: Mostly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds and Ac and Ci clouds in the afternoon. Near average temperature at the start of the day became slightly warm during the rest of the early hours that fell slowly before rising in the morning close to average. The temperature became a little variable in the afternoon and generally stable and slightly cool before easing to near average from the late afternoon and became slightly warm in the evening while the temperature fell steadily. Near average dew point fell slowly in the early hours and slowly rose in the morning close to average, was stable in the afternoon, which after briefly rising slightly in the early evening and became slightly above average before stable dew point fell later in the evening that eased back to near average. Near average relative humidity early in the day became slightly below average in the morning with the relative humidity falling slowly in the early hours and more quickly in the morning that became slightly below average from the mid-morning that eased to near average from the late morning. Mostly calm winds early with some variable winds in the early hours, then light S to SW winds in the morning, became variable in the afternoon before NW to NE winds in the evening before calm winds later in the evening with some WNW to NNW winds.
  • 21/2/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds. Slightly warm from early as the temperature fell slowly in the early hours and rose for 1 hour from 1am before steadily rising quickly in the morning and became warm later in the morning. After the maximum temperature was reached in the early afternoon the temperature temporarily fell and then rose a little while remaining below the maximum temperature before easing to mostly slightly warm from the late afternoon except for a short period of time in the early evening of warm temperature. Close to average dew point from early that fell slowly or was stable in the early hours, rose in the early morning before falling slowly from the mid-morning while remaining close to average. In the afternoon, the dew point was stable which then rose slightly for a brief period and became slightly above average before stable dew point in the evening while remaining slightly above average. Relative humidity was slightly below average from early that fell for 1 hour in the early hours before steadily falling in the morning that became moderately low later in the morning. In the afternoon, the relative humidity eased after the minimum relative humidity was reached to slightly below average from the mid-morning and returning to near average in the evening. Mostly calm winds with some W to SW winds in the early hours, then light WNW to W winds in the morning that became W to SW from the mid-morning. In the afternoon were SSW to W winds that backed during the afternoon to SE to NE in the mid-afternoon with some variable winds before NNE to NE in the late afternoon and in the early evening. After some variable winds, the wind was calm during the rest of the evening.
  • 22/2/21: Sunny with Cu and Sc clouds. 2 light showers in the mid evening with distant thunder heard to the north. A mild thunderstorm with light rain in the late evening. Slightly warm early in the day eased to near average in the morning before becoming warm in the mid-morning and hot in the late morning as the temperature rose steadily in the morning. In the afternoon, the temperature fell after the maximum temperature was reached in the early afternoon and eased to warm and then slightly warm from the mid-afternoon. In the evening, the temperature became warm as the fall in the temperature in the evening eased to fall very slowly before falling a little more quickly late on the evening. Near average dew point from early that fell slowly in the early hours, rose slowly in the morning, and became slightly above average, before dropping a little in the mid-morning close to average. During the rest of the morning the dew point was stable which after was a little variable in the early afternoon rose and became slightly above average. During the rest of the afternoon the dew point fell very slowly before rising very slowly in the evening that became moderately high late in the evening. Relative humidity rose slowly in the early hours before steadily falling in the morning that was near average from early that became slightly below average in the morning and moderately low in the late morning. In the afternoon, the relative humidity rose, quickly at first before rising more slowly and eased back to near average from the mid-afternoon. Calm winds until light and variable winds from the mid-morning that became S to WSW later in the morning, SW to SE in the early afternoon before that tended to E to NE. Light N to NE winds in the mid-afternoon, NNE to ENE from the late afternoon before becoming NW to NE in the evening with some WNW to WSW that tended E with the thunderstorm.
  • 23/2/21; Mostly sunny and partly cloudy at times from the morning with Cu and Sc clouds before increasing cu, sc, Ac and Cb in the late afternoon. A moderate thunderstorm in the early evening with very brief heavy falls, followed by some light rain. A light shower in the late evening. Warm early in the day eased to slightly warm in the morning while the temperature fell a little slowly in the early hours and then rose steadily during the morning that became warm in the late morning. In the afternoon the temperature was stable after the maximum temperature was reached in the early afternoon that was slightly warm before easing to near average from the mid-afternoon as the temperature fell. The temperature fell quickly with the evening thunderstorm by 5 C in 25 minutes and became slightly cool. The temperature was near average and fell very slowly after the rain. Dew point was slightly above average from early that fell slowly in the early hours, fell slowly in the morning while remaining slightly above average before stabilising in the afternoon after rising slightly in the middle of the afternoon while generally remaining slightly above average. Later in the afternoon the dew point was stable slightly above average before easing to near average in the evening after the dew point fell sharply with the thunderstorm, which then rose very slowly during the rest of the evening. Near average relative humidity from early that rose slowly before remaining near average during the day that stopped falling in the middle of the day, rose slowly in the afternoon before rising sharply for a brief period with the evening thunderstorm that became slightly above average. After dropping a little during the thunderstorm and eased to near average, the relative humidity rose again and then became slightly above average. Light NNW to NW winds at the start of the day, calm winds from 2am before W to NW winds in the morning that became NE to NW from the mid-morning. Light NNE to ENE winds in the afternoon and NNE to NE later in the afternoon. Early in the evening with the storm the wind veered to W to SW before continuing to veer to E to NE with some N to NE winds with the rainfall before variable winds later in the evening with some calm winds at times with some NNW to WNW winds.
  • 24/2/21: Partly cloudy with Cu, Sc and As clouds in the morning and cloudy at times with Cu and Sc clouds in the afternoon. Stable temperature early in the day that fell very slowly in the early hours and in the early morning. The temperature became slightly below average in morning while rising before stable temperature in the early to mid-afternoon that became near average with the temperature variable from the mid-morning to the mid-afternoon. Slightly warm in the evening and warm later in the evening as the fall in the temperature eased and became generally stable. Near average dew point from early that fell slowly from the start of the day, rose in the morning that became slightly above average before falling in the afternoon easing to near average before stable dew point from the late afternoon slightly above average. Relative humidity was near average from early that fell very slowly in the early hours and early morning, then fell a little slowly that became moderately high in the mid-morning easing to slightly above average from the late morning with the relative humidity becoming stable in the early to mid-afternoon. In the evening, the relative humidity was near average. Light SW to SE winds from early and calm winds at times with some variable winds at the start of the day and some W to SW winds in the early hours, before light E to SE winds in the morning that became E to NE, ENE to NNE in the afternoon and E to NE in the late afternoon and early evening before light E to NE winds later in the evening.
  • 25/2/20: Cloudy at times with Cu and Sc clouds. Light showers later in the early hours and light to moderate showers in the morning and early afternoon with a heavy shower in the late morning. Warm early in the day while the temperature fell slowly, eased to near average in the morning as the temperature rose slowly in the morning. As the temperature rose slowly in the morning the temperature became rather variable until the mid-afternoon that became cool from the late afternoon that eased to near average or slightly cool in the mid to late afternoon with the temperature rising more quickly in the afternoon. Early in the evening the temperature was near average before becoming slightly warm and slightly warm later in the evening while falling a little slowly. Dew point was slightly above average that was stable in the early hours, was variable from the morning while generally rising before falling steadily from the mid-afternoon. Slightly below average relative humidity early in the day while rising slowly, was near average in the morning before becoming very high in the late morning and early afternoon with the relative humidity broadly stable. In the afternoon, the relative humidity eased to moderately high in the mid-afternoon and eased further in the afternoon to stable and near average relative humidity in the evening. Calm winds with some SSE to E winds at times in the early hours, then SSW to E in early morning with some ENE to SE winds and light E to SE winds in the morning. Winds tended NW to NE from the late morning, E to NE in the mid-afternoon, NNE to NE later in the afternoon and early evening before NNW to NNE winds later in the evening.
  • 26/2/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds. Slightly warm in the morning and afternoon that was briefly near average in the late morning, as the temperature temporarily stabilised later in the morning and became near average in the late afternoon. In the evening it was slightly warm which after falling a little slowly early in the evening then fell more quickly later in the evening. Stable or falling slowly dew point in the early hours that was slightly above average that eased to near average at times in the morning before while rising a little. From the mid-morning the dew point eased to near average and was stable, rose a little in the afternoon slightly above average before falling slowly from the mid-afternoon that eased to near average later in the evening. Slightly below average relative humidity eased to near average later in the early hours and at times in the early morning before easing to near average in the morning through to the evening. Light NW to NNE winds early in the day became calm during the rest of the early hours and in early morning before W to NW became N to NW during the morning. Light NW to NE winds in the morning with some W to NW winds, NNW to NE in the early afternoon, NNW to ENE in the rest of the afternoon and early evening. Later in the evening were NE to NW winds that became mostly calm.
  • 27/2/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds before becoming cloudy in the afternoon with Cu, As and Ac clouds. The fall in the temperature eased early in the day with the temperature becoming stable in the early hours slightly warm before easing to near average from the morning. In the evening, the temperature became slightly warm and then warm as the temperature fell a little slowly. Dew pointpoint was stable and near average in the early hours, rose in the early morning slightly above average, then fell slowly while easing back to near average before becoming stable from the mid-morning. In the afternoon, the dew point was a little variable while rising slowly in the early to mid-afternoon and became slightly above average, was stable from the late morning before falling slowly later in the evening while remaining slightly above average. Near average relative humidity rose slowly early in the day, fell quickly in the morning, and became slightly below average before easing back to near average during the morning and in the early afternoon. In the afternoon, the relative humidity became slightly above average as the relative humidity started to rise in the afternoon. Later in the afternoon the relative humidity eased to near average. Light N winds at times early in the day before calm winds during the rest of the early hours and in the early morning and followed by NW to NE winds with variable winds in the morning. Light NNE to NE winds in the early afternoon with some variable winds before NNE to E winds during the rest of the afternoon and early evening. Later in the evening were mostly calm winds with some N to NE winds.
  • 28/2/21: Partly cloudy with Cu and Sc clouds and with Ac clouds in afternoon. Warm early in the day and in the early morning as the temperature stopped falling and became stable later in the early hours. In the morning, the temperature eased and returned to near average from the late morning. In the evening, the temperature was slightly warm and warm later in the evening as the temperature fell more slowly later in the evening. Stable and slightly above average dew point from early in the day, became generally stable and a little variable in the morning and afternoon, fell slightly in the late morning before becoming stable in the evening. Relative humidity rose slowly in the early hours and slightly below average, then eased to near average from the morning before becoming slightly above average in the mid to late afternoon as the relative humidity stopped falling in the early morning and started to rise. In the evening, the relative humidity was near average. Calm winds early, some W to SW and S to SW winds in the early morning before NE to NW winds in the morning, N to NE winds in the afternoon and early evening before becoming N to NW. Later in the evening were calm winds with some variable winds.

Station records for summer 2020-21

NOTE: This is a summary of the aforementioned monthly and seasonal records exceeded over a monthly basis. Additionally, it lists records that are the lowest or highest in at least 5 years. See end notes for more information about record periods.

 

Record high December mean daily minimum temperature in at least 5 years

Observed [C]

Most recent higher

Years of record

Seasonal average

20.8

21.1 in 2009

11

19.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low summer mean maximum temperature in at least 5 years

Observed [C]

Most recent lower

Years of record

Seasonal average

30.2

28.6 in 2012

11

30.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low December mean daily maximum temperature in at least 5 years

Observed [C]

Most recent lower

Years of record

Monthly average

30.3

=30.3 in 2015

11

30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low January mean maximum temperature in at least 5 years

Observed [C]

Most recent lower

Years of record

Monthly average

30.3

28.7 in 2012

10

30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low February mean maximum temperature in at least 5 years

Observed [C]

Most recent lower

Years of record

Monthly average

30.4

29.7 in 2015

11

30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low summer mean temperature in at least 5 years

Observed [C]

Most recent lower

Years of record

Seasonal average

25.3

25.1 in 2014

11

25.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low January mean temperature in at least 5 years

Observed [C]

Most recent lower

Years of record

Monthly average

24.9

=24.9 in 2011

10

23.9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record high summer minimum temperature

Observed [C]

Most recent higher

Years of record

Seasonal average

16.6 on 12th January at 4:49 AM

= in 2009-10 on 3 December

10

19.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record high December daily minimum temperature

Observed [C]

Old record

Years of record

Monthly average

16.6 on 27th at 4:46 AM

=16.6 in 2009 on 3rd

11

19.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record high January minimum temperature in at least 5 years

Observed [C]

Most recent higher

Years of record

Monthly average

16.6 on 12th at 4:49 AM

18.6 in 2010 on 29th

10

19.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low summer maximum temperature in at least 5 years

Observed [C]

Most recent lower

Years of record

Seasonal average

36.6 on 16th January at 12:57 PM

35.2 in 2011 on 21st February at 1:04 PM

11

30.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low December daily maximum temperature at least 5 years

Observed [C]

Most recent lower

Years of record

Monthly average

35.9 on 6th at 11:38 AM

35 in 2015 on 11th at 1:30 PM

11

30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low February maximum temperature in at least 5 years

Observed [C]

Most recent lower

Years of record

Monthly average

36.1 on 7th at 1:12 PM

35.2 in 2015 on 1st at 3:31 PM

11

30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low summer lowest daily maximum temperature in at least 5 years

Observed [C]

Most recent lower

Years of record

Seasonal average

20.9 on 12th December at 9:31 AM

18.9 in 2011-12 on 7th December at 4:36 PM

11

30.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low December lowest daily maximum temperature in at least 5 years

Observed [C]

Most recent lower

Years of record

Monthly average

20.9 on 12th at 9:31 AM

18.9 in 2011 on 7th at 4:36 PM

11

30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low January daily maximum temperature in at least 5 years

Observed [C]

Most recent lower

Years of record

Monthly average

22.7 on 8th at 10:01 AM

22.3 in 2012 on 17th at 1:20 PM

10

23.9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record high summer highest daily minimum temperature in at least 5 years

Observed [C]

Most recent higher

Years of record

Seasonal average

26.2 on 7th at 4:28 AM

26.2 in 2019 on 28th November at 7:50 AM

11

19.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record high December highest daily minimum temperature

Observed [C]

Old record

Years of record

Monthly average

26.2 on 7th at 4:28 AM

24.5 in 2012 on 18th at 4:00 AM

11

19.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low February highest daily minimum temperature in at least 5 years

Observed [C]

Most recent lower

Years of record

Monthly average

23.1 on 28th at 5:45 AM

22.1 in 2015 on 19th at 4:05 AM

11

30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low February mean daily minimum MSL pressure

Observed [hPa]

Old record

Years of record

Monthly average

1008.5

= 1008.5

11

1010.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low summer mean daily maximum MSL pressure in at least 5 years

Observed [hPa]

Most recent lower

Years of record

Seasonal average

1014.1

1013.7 in 2011-12

10

1015.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low February mean daily maximum MSL pressure

Observed [hPa]

Old record

Years of record

Monthly average

1012.8

1013.3 in 2020

11

1014.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low summer mean MSL pressure in at least 5 years

Observed [hPa]

Most recent lower

Years of record

Seasonal average

1011.9

1011.7 in 2012

10

1012.9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low February mean MSL pressure

Observed [hPa]

Old record

Years of record

Monthly average

1010.7

1010.9 in 2020

11

1012.9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record high December minimum MSL pressure in at least 5 years

Observed [hPa]

Most recent higher

Years of record

Monthly average

1004.1 on 6th at 4:33 PM

1005.9 in 2015 on 11th at 4:40 PM

11

1011.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low February daily maximum MSL pressure

Observed [hPa]

Old record

Years of record

Monthly average

1017.1 on 18th at 10:13 AM

1019.7 in 2014 on 9th at 8:06 AM

11

1014.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record high summer mean daily minimum relative humidity in at least 5 years

Observed [%]

Most recent higher

Years of record

Seasonal average

54.6

56.5 in 2014-15

10

52.9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record high December mean daily minimum relative humidity in at least 5 years

Observed [%]

Most recent higher

Years of record

Monthly average

54.4

56.7 in 2011

11

50.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record high January mean daily minimum relative humidity in at least 5 years

Observed [%]

Most recent higher

Years of record

Monthly average

54.1

58.2 in 2015

10

52.9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record high summer mean daily maximum relative humidity in at least 5 years

Observed [%]

Most recent higher

Years of record

Seasonal average

93.3

93.9 in 2015

10

91.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record high January mean daily maximum relative humidity in at least 5 years

Observed [%]

Most recent higher

Years of record

Monthly average

93.9

95.3 in 2015

10

91.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record high summer mean relative humidity in at least 5 years

Observed [%]

Most recent higher

Years of record

Seasonal average

73.9

75.2 in 2015

10

72.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record high December mean relative humidity in at least 5 years

Observed [%]

Most recent higher

Years of record

Monthly average

73.4

75.6 in 2011

11

70.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record high January mean relative humidity in at least 5 years

Observed [%]

Most recent higher

Years of record

Monthly average

74

76.7 in 2015

10

72

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record high December mean daily minimum dew point

Observed [C]

Most recent higher

Years of record

Monthly average

17.8

19.1 in 2010

10

17.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record high December mean daily maximum dew point

Observed [C]

Old record

Years of record

Monthly average

22.4

21.7 in 2017

11

20.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record high December mean dew point in at least 5 years

Observed [C]

Most recent higher

Years of record

Monthly average

20.1

=20.1 in 2010

11

18.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low February daily maximum dew point in at least 5 years

Observed [C]

Most recent lower

Years of record

Monthly average

24.9 on 23rd at 1:20 PM

24.2 in 2015 on 22nd at 3:58 PM

11

21.9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low January maximum daily wind gust

Observed [km/hr]

Old record

Years of record

Monthly average

35 on 18th at 9:29 AM

37 in 2019 on 27th at 3:16 PM

9

24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low summer and December highest wind speed in at least 5 years

Observed [km/hr]

Old record

Years of record

Seasonal/ monthly average

21 on 7th at 2:27 PM

25 in 2018 on 21st December at 5:45 PM

10

9.9/10.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low January maximum daily wind speed

Observed [km/hr]

Old record

Years of record

Monthly average

18 on 18th at 623 PM

19 in 2019 on 27th at 3:16 PM

9

9.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low February daily maximum wind speed

Observed [km/hr]

Old record

Years of record

Monthly average

18 on 16th at 5:45 PM

18.1 in 2012 on 20th at 5:35 PM

10

7.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low summer mean wind speed in at least 5 years

Observed [km/hr]

Most recent lower

Years of record

Seasonal average

4.3

2.7 in 2015-16

7

4.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low February mean wind speed in at least 5 years

Observed [km/hr]

Most recent lower

Years of record

Monthly average

1.8

0.9 in 2012

10

3.9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low summer daily mean maximum wind gust in at least 5 years

Observed [km/hr]

Most recent lower

Years of record

Seasonal average

25.8

23.7 in 2011-12

9

24.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low December mean maximum wind gust in at least 5 years

Observed [km/hr]

Most recent lower

Years of record

Monthly average

28.1

26.3 in 2014

10

24.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low January mean daily wind speed in at least 5 years

Observed [km/hr]

Most recent lower

Years of record

Monthly average

25.2

23.1 in 2012

9

24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low February mean daily wind gust in at least 5 years

Observed [km/hr]

Most recent lower

Years of record

Monthly average

24.1

22.2 in 2012

11

24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low summer daily mean wind speed in at least 5 years

Observed [km/hr]

Most recent lower

Years of record

Seasonal average

13.3

13.2 in 2011-12

9

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low January mean daily wind speed in at least 5 years

Observed [km/hr]

Most recent lower

Years of record

Monthly average

12.5

12.4

9

9.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record high December total rainfall in at least 5 years

Observed [mm]

Most recent higher

Years of record

Monthly average

145.9

450.1 in 2010

9

129.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record high January number of rain days in at least 5 years

Observed [days]

Most recent higher

Years of record

Monthly average

19

22 in 2015

33

17.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record high December highest daily rainfall total in at least 5 years

Observed [mm]

Most recent higher

Years of record

Monthly average

70.1 on 14th

82 in 1999 on 28th

33

41.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Record low December maximum rainfall rate in at least 5 years

Observed [mm/hr]

Most recent lower

Years of record

Monthly average

56.2 on 1st at 3:48 PM

55.2 in 2012 on 10th at 12:45 PM

33

89.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New key records

NOTE: These records are drawn from automatic data record for this site. See end notes for more information.

All time records

No records

 

 

Monthly records

December

No records

January

No records

February

No records

 

Data for summer 2020-21

Summary of Averages and Extremes for summer 2020-21 for Ferny Grove, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

 

 

 

 

 

Min Temp

Max Temp

Mean Temp

Temp Range

Min Grass Temp

Min Grass Temp Depression

Min Relative Humidity

Max Relative Humidity

Mean Relative Humidity

Min MSL pressure

Max MSL Pressure

Mean MSL Pressure

Dew Point

Max Wind Gust

Max Wind Speed

Daily rain

December

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average

20.8

30.3

25.6

9.6

19.1

1.7

54.4

92.5

73.4

1010.2

1015.0

1012.6

20.1

28.1

14.9

4.7

Min

16.6

20.9

18.8

2.6

13.8

-2.4

19

81

54.5

1004.1

1009.3

1006.8

4.9

19.0

9.0

 

Max

26.2

35.9

30.7

14.9

21.9

4.3

88

99

93.5

1016.6

1020.9

1018.7

25.5

50.0

21.0

70.1

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

145.9

January

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average

20.0

29.9

24.9

9.9

18.2

1.7

54.1

93.9

74.0

1010.3

1014.3

1012.3

19.7

25.2

12.5

3.1

Min

16.6

22.7

21.3

2.5

13.2

0.3

39

86

66.0

1005.1

1009.9

1007.8

14.4

17.0

9.0

 

Max

22.3

36.6

29.4

14.4

21.0

3.4

72

98

83.5

1015.1

1019.2

1017.2

24.9

35.0

18.0

30.1

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

95.8

February

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average

20.3

30.4

25.3

10.1

18.1

2.1

55.2

93.5

74.3

1008.5

1012.8

1010.7

20.2

24.1

12.5

4.5

Min

17.3

26.0

22.8

5.5

14.0

0.6

37

82

64.5

1000.8

1007.0

1004.4

14.1

12.0

7.0

 

Max

23.1

36.1

28.6

15.3

21.0

4.1

83

98

90.5

1014.1

1017.1

1015.6

24.9

39.0

18.0

33.5

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

126.2

Season

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average

20.3

30.2

25.3

9.9

18.5

1.9

54.6

93.3

73.9

1009.7

1014.1

1011.9

20.0

25.8

13.3

4.1

Min

16.6

20.9

18.8

2.5

13.2

-2.4

19

81

54.5

1000.8

1007.0

1004.4

4.9

12.0

7.0

 

Max

26.2

36.6

30.7

15.3

21.9

4.3

88

99

93.5

1016.6

1020.9

1018.7

25.5

50.0

21.0

70.1

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

367.9

 

Summary for summer 2020-21 from long term average for Ferny Grove, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

 

Temperature

Relative Humidity

MSL Pressure

Dew Point

Wind Gust

Wind Speed

Rainfall

Rainfall as Fraction of monthly average (%)

December

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average

+1.0

+2.6

-0.8

1.5

+3.9

+4.4

+16.7

112.9

Min

+1.6

+3.5

 

1.3

 

 

 

 

Max

+0.3

+1.6

 

1.6

 

 

+104.1

 

January

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average

-0.7

+2.0

-0.1

-0.3

+1.2

+3.0

-49.2

66.1

Min

-0.6

+1.2

 

-0.5

 

 

 

 

Max

-0.8

+2.8

 

-0.0

 

 

+40.7

 

February

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average

+0.2

+1.0

-2.2

+0.2

+0.1

+2.7

-35.6

78.0

Min

-0.0

+0.4

 

-0.2

 

 

 

 

Max

+0.4

+1.5

 

+0.5

 

 

61.0

 

Season

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average

+0.2

+1.8

-1.0

+0.5

+1.7

+3.4

-68.1

84.4

Min

+0.3

+1.7

-

+0.2

-

-

-

-

Max

-0.0

+2.0

-

+0.7

-

-

-

-

 

Monthly averages and extremes for summer 2020-21 to Date for Ferny Grove, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

 

Temperature

Temperature from Long Term Avg.

Rain total

Rain Anomaly

Rain days

 

Avg Min

Avg Max

Low Min

High Max

Average

Min

Max

Average

 

 

 

Dec-20

20.8

30.3

16.6

35.9

25.6

+1.6

+0.3

+1.0

145.9

16.7

12

Jan-21

20.0

29.9

16.6

36.6

24.9

-0.6

-0.8

-0.7

95.8

-49.2

15

Feb-21

20.3

30.4

17.3

36.1

25.3

-0.0

+0.4

+0.2

126.2

-35.6

14

Season

20.3

30.2

16.6

35.9

25.3

+0.3

-0.0

+0.2

367.9

-68.1

41

 

 

Notes:

Based on Bureau of Meteorology Climate summaries (Copyright) of which some data was obtained from. From September 2017 the Bureau of Meteorology Climate summaries were expanded to provide data from official stations in and near the Greater Brisbane “Greater capital city Statistical Area” (GCCSA).


Data Copyright Ferny Grove Weather 2019, Produced 7/9/21. Data Checking has been carried out but errors may still be present and therefore there is no assurance of correctness. Corrections may be made at a later data if errors or deficiencies are found and/or improvements in data handling techniques are made, though data with major improvements may not be updated in this summary. Data measured with professional moderate accuracy equipment. This replaced non professional equipment of low accuracy with differences in the measured data. The new equipment measures the daily average wind speed and wind run about 40 % higher. Daily rainfall and grass minimum temperature is measured using non-professional equipment of moderate accuracy.


Site Commencement data is April 15 2009 except for daily rainfall which commenced on January 1 1987. Not all variables have been measured over the entire station record. Most variables are measured over a 24 hour period ending in the evening and over a 24 hour period from midnight effective October 5 2018. Maximum temperatures are measured over the 24 hours from 9 am on the day of measurement. Minimum temperatures are measured over the 24 hours to 9 am of the day of measurement. Rainfall is measured over 24 hours to 9am and recorded on that day. This is the same as the official time standard. Some rainfall measurements are not made at 9am and is adjusted based on the automatic record. Minimum Grass Temperature is measured over an approx. 12 hour period ending in the early morning. MSL refers to Mean Sea Level, which is the standard meteorological method of measuring air pressure reduced to sea level based on both elevation and temperature. Grass Minimum Depression is the difference of the grass minimum temperature from the air temperatures and is a positive value when the grass temperature is below the air temperature.


Up until March 9 2019 automatic records as Dew Point, Average Wind Speed, Dominant Wind Direction, Wind Run, Rain Rate and Hourly Rain are measured over a 24 hour period starting at midnight and recorded for that day. This started on the 6 October 2011. The automatic record is used for some data and also may be used if data is not available/ not suitable. From March 9 2019 the automatic record became the official record instead, simplifying this process. Until replaced on 5 October 2018 the temperature and humidity sensor is under exposed so minimum temperature and maximum humidity are incorrect and low accuracy rain gauge is used which are not used as the site’s official record. This data limitation does not apply to other measurements of temperatures, air pressure and humidity, wind gust, daily and monthly rainfall and rain days elsewhere in this summary which are recorded separately and form the official record for this site. The replacement equipment is sited in more exposed locations and therefore the limitations don’t apply, though the automatic daily rainfall doesn’t form the official data for the site.

Long term averages are based on all available long period past measurements from October 2019 whilst for non automatic rainfall is based on 1987 to 2017 average from the station record, while. Prior to this the long term average for Temperature, Relative Humidity and Air pressure is based on 2009 to 2015 average from the station record and wind speed is based on the 2010 to 2018 average from station record. Wind Run is 2011 to 2018 and Rain Rate and High Hourly Rain is 2011 to 2017.


The Fraction of monthly average expresses how much has fallen in respect to the long term average listed as a percentage. The decile ranking compares the rainfall total to the historical record for the site where the record is divided into 10 equal groups. Decile 1 is the lowest 10% of the record (10th percentile) and Decile 10 (90th percentile) is the highest 10% of the record. Decile 1 is considered “very low”, decile 2 and 3 “low”, decile 4 to 7 “average”, decile 8 and 9 “high” and decile 10 “very high”.